Side Effects-Table 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Side Effects-Table 1 Deck (39):
1

Question

Answer

2

Oxygen

none

3

Diazepam (valium)

Hypotension; drowsiness; tachycardia; ataxia; amnesia; slurred speech; edema; headache; dizziness; N/V; blurred vision; respiratory depression.

4

Lorazepam

Anterograde amnesia, sedation, hypertension or hypotension, blurred vision, N/V, confusion

5

Midazolam (Versed)

N/V, blurred vision, retrograde amnesia, excessive amnesia, apnea, hypotension, PVCs

6

Succinylcholine (Anectine)

Apnea, malignant hyperthermia, dysrhythmias, bradycardia, HTN, hypotension, tachycardia, cardiac arrest, increased intraocular pressure, fasciculations, exacerbation of hyperkalemia in trauma patients

7

Epinephrine (Adrenalin)

Increases myocardial oxygen demand; Can cause palpitations, anxiety, headache, CVA, syncope, HTN, tachydysrhythmias, tissue necrosis with repeated injections or extravasation of IV.

8

Vasopressin

N/V, abdominal cramps, HTN, bradycardia, PAC’s MI

9

Lidocaine

ALtered mental status including confusion, bradycardias, hypotension, seizures

10

Amiodarone

CHF, angioedema, hypotension, AV Block, hepatotoxicity, cardiogenic shock, fatigue, bradycardia, sinus arrest, permanent blindness, N/V, prolongs the QT interval

11

Atropine Sulfate

Blurred vision, dilated pupils, dry mouth, tachycardia, drowsiness, convulsions, HTN or hypotension, palpitations, paradoxical bradycardia (if given too slowly), AV dissociation, urinary retention

12

Adenosine (Adenocard)

Syncope, dizziness, dyspnea, N/V, headaches, palpitations, chest pain, hypotension, and dysrhythmias. Side effects are usually self-limiting due to short half-life.

13

Diltiazem (Cardizem)

Chest pain, bradycardia, hypotension, syncope, CHF, dysrhythmias, N/V, headache, sweating, dizziness and dyspnea, 2nd and 3rd Degree AV block, palpitations

14

Metoprolol (Lopressor, Toprol XL)

Bronchospasm, bradycardia, palpitations, edema, CHF, reduced peripheral circulation, drowsiness, insomnia

15

Dopamine (Intropin)

Dysrhythmias, palpitations, tachycardia, bradycardia, headaches, anxiety, N/V, tissue sloughing may result from dopamine extravasation, dyspnea, HTN

16

Dobutrex (Dobutamine)

Tachycardia, HTN, dyspnea, dysrhythmias, palpitations, chest pain, headaches, anxiety, N/V

17

Aspirin

Overdose may result in considerable toxicity with dizziness, N/V, abdominal pain, thrombocytopenia, easy bruising, and/ or metabolic acidosis

18

Nitroglycerin

Hypotension, palpitations, tachycardia, syncope, dry mouth, N/V, headache, dizziness, skin rash

19

Sodium Bicarbonate (NaHCO3)

Severe tissue damage if extravasation occurs. May produce paradoxical acidosis that can depress cerebral and cardiac function. May cause extracellular alkalosis, which may reduce the concentration of ionized calcium, decrease plasma potassium, and induce a left shift of the oxyhemoglobin curve which may inhibit oxygen release to the tissues and induce malignant arrhythmias

20

Magnesium Sulfate

Hypotension, sedation, confusion, N/V, bradycardia, pruritis, arrhythmias, decreased deep tendon reflexes, respiratory depression/ paralysis, drowsiness, muscle weakness, complete heart block
When used prior to delivery, it can cause fetal hypoxia, asphyxia, arrhythmias, and possible fetal intracranial bleeding

21

Oxytocin

Hypotension, anxiety, N/V, dysrhythmias, HTN, seizures, dyspnea, coma in mother, intracranial bleeding

22

Albuterol

Tremors, anxiety, HTN, tachycardia, headache, palpitations, seizures, N/V, dizziness, rash

23

Atroven

N/V, cramps, dry mouth, blurred vision, worsening bronchospasm, drying of bronchial secretions, cough, epistaxis

24

Methylprednisolone (Solu-medrol)

Hypertension, CHF, delayed wound healing, hyperglycemia, hypokalemia, headache, peptic ulcer, circulatory collapse, N/V, CNS depression

25

50% Dextrose in water (D50W or D50)

Tissue necrosis, phlebitis, pain at injection site

26

Glucagon (GlucaGen)

Hypotension, headache, dizziness, n/v, hyperglycemia, hypokalemia

27

Diphenhydramine

Hypotension, N/V, tachycardia, bradycardia, sedation, palpitations, drowsiness, disturbed coordination, dry mouth.

28

Haloperidol (Haldol)

Dystonic reactions, sedation, dizziness, n/v, hypotension, dry mouth, constipation, decreases seizure threshold

29

Naloxone (Narcan)

N/V, HTN, ventricular arrhythmias, tachycardia, hyperventilation, tremors, seizures

30

Furosemide (lasix)

Hypotension, dizziness, chest pain, dry mouth, hypochloremia, hypokalemia, hyponatremia, hypomagnesemia, hypocalcemia, N/V, ototoxicity, hyperglycemia, tinnitus if pushed too rapidly

31

CyanoKit

Hypertension, pruritis, headache, chromaturia (up to 5 weeks)

32

Calcium Chloride

Arrhythmias including bradycardia or cardiac arrest, syncope, N/V, hypotension, necrosis with extravasation

33

Activated Charcoal

N/V, abdominal cramps, abdominal bloating, constipation or diarrhea

34

Morphine Sulfate

Dizziness, N/V, cramps, blurred vision, altered mental status, miosis, headache, seizures, drowsiness, bradycardia, respiratory depression, syncope, palpitations, hypotension, dry mouth

35

Fentanyl Citrate

May result in severe respiratory depression, bronchoconstriction, chest wall rigidity, sedation, bradycardia, diaphoresis, N/V, miosis, blurred vision, hypotension, cardiac arrest

36

Ketorolac (toradol)

GI bleeding, inhibition of platelet aggregation, acute renal failure, N/V, diarrhea, upset stomach

37

Acetaminophen (tylenol, APAP)

N/V, dizziness, hepatotoxicity, renal failure, hypoglycemia

38

Ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin, Nuprin)

nausea, abdominal pain, diarrhea, dizziness, tinnitus

39

Procainamide (Pronestyl)

Bradycardia, AV block, tachycardia, hypotension, VF, seizures, N/V, confusion, thrombocytopenia, prolonged QRS and QT duration