Doses-Table 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Doses-Table 1 Deck (79):
1

Drug

Dose

2

Oxygen

25%-100% to maintain SpO2 94%-100% 1lpm increase is =4%

3

Diazepam (valium) Adult Dose

5mg IVP repeat at 2.5mg Max dose of 10 mg

4

Diazepam (valium) Pediatric Dose

IV/IO0.1-0.25 mg/kg max single dose of 5mg PR: 0.5mg/kg max single dose 10mg repeat once after 5 minutes

5

Lorazepam (Ativan) Adult

IV/IO/IM: 1-2 mg Slow IVP or IM q5 max 8mg

6

Lorazepam (Ativan) Pediatric

IVP/IM: 0.1mg/kg slow IVP/IM max single dose of 2mg. Repeat x1 after 5 minutes

7

Midazolam (Versed) Adult

IVP/IM: 1-2.5mg Slow push q 5 until seizure abolished

8

Midazolam (Versed) Pediatric

IVP/IM: 0.1mg/kg slow IVP/IM max single dose of 6mg Repeat x1 after 5minutes

9

Succinylcholine Adult

IV: 1-1.5mg/kg Rapid IV Repeat x1 if needed

10

Succinylcholine Pediatric

1-2 mg/kg Rapid IV/IO repeat x 1 if needed

11

Epinephrine (Adrenaline) Adult Cardiac Arrest

1.0 mg of 1:10,000 IVP q 3-5 minutes or 2.0-2.5mg ETT q3-5

12

Epinephrine (Adrenaline) Pediatric Cardiac Arrest

0.01mg/kg of 1:10,000 [OR 0.1mg/kg of 1:1,000 ETT q 3-5min]

13

Epinephrine (Adrenaline) Adult Severe Anaphylaxis

0.3-0.5 mg SQ of 1:1,000 q5-15 if ineffective give 0.1-0.5 mg of 1:10,000 IVP q5-15

14

Epinephrine (Adrenaline) Pediatric Severe Anaphylaxis

0.01mg/kg of 1:1,000 SQ if ineffective give 0.01mg/kg of 1:10,00 IVP q5-15

15

Epinephrine (Adrenaline) Adult Symptomatic Bradycardia

[Prep: 1mg of 1:1,000 into 250 mL NS] 2-10 mcg/minute

16

Epinephrine (Adrenaline) Pediatric Symptomatic Bradycardia

[Prep: 1mg of 1:1,000 into 250mL NS] Dose: 0.1-1 mcg/kg/min

17

Vasopressin

40 Units IV/IO Single Dose

18

Lidocaine Cardiac Arrest Adult

1-1.5mg/kg IVP Repeat at 1/2 the initial dose (0.5-0.75 mg/kg) q 5minutes max dose of 4mg/kg

19

Lidocaine Cardiac Arrest Pediatric

1mg/kg IVP/IO/ETT

20

Lidocaine Adult with a Pulse

1-1.5mg/kg Repeat at 1/2 the initial dose (.5-.75mg/kg) q5-10minutes

21

Lidocaine Adult IV INFUSION

1-4mg/minute using the +1rule

22

Lidocaine I/O PAIN CONTROL Adult

20-50mg IVP 1% or 2%

23

Lidocaine I/O PAIN CONTROL Pediatric

0.5mg/kg IVP 1% or 2%

24

Amiodarone Adult With a pulse

150mg (in 50-100mL NS) IV infusion over 10 minutes. May repeat once after 10 minutes.

25

Amiodarone Adult Pulseless

300mg IV push repeat in 3-5minutes at 150 mg IVP

26

Amiodarone Pediatric Pulseless

5mg/kg IV/IO

27

Amiodarone Maintenance Infusion

1mg/minute over the next 6 hours

28

Atropine Sulfate Adult Symptomatic Bradycardia

0.5mg Rapid IVP q 3-5minutes max of 3mg

29

Atropine Sulfate Pediatric Symptomatic Bradycardia

0.02mg/kg IVP or IO (min single dose of 0.1mg and max single dose of 0.5mg) repeat once if needed

30

Atropine Sulfate Organophosphate poisoning: Adult Dose

2mg IVP q 5 minutes PRN

31

Atropine Sulfate Organophosphate poisoning: Pediatric Dose

0.05-0.1mg/kgIV/IM (min dose of 0.1mg and max of 5mg) repeat q 2-5 minutes PRN

32

Adenosine (Adenocard) Adult Dose

6mg Rapid IVP with 20mL NS Flush If no conversion Give 12mg Rapid IVP with 20mL NS Flush If no Conversion give 12mg Rapid IVP with 20mL NS Flush.

33

Adenosine (Adenocard) Pediatric Dose

0.1mg/kg IVP/IO (max single dose 6mg) may repeat once in 2 minutes at 0.2mg.kg (Max single dose of 12mg)

34

Diltiazem (Cardizem) Bolus

0.25mg/kg slow IVP may repeat in 15 minutes at 0.35mg/kg slow IVP

35

Diltiazem (Cardizem) IV infusion

5-15 mg/hr titrate to heart rate

36

Metoprolol (lopressor) Dose

5mg over 2-5 min q5 may repeat x3 (max 15mg) AMI: Maintain Systolic BP >100 and heart rate> 60 SVT: Maintain heart rate between 90-100

37

Dopamine (Dopaminergic Effects)

2-5 mcg/kg/min

38

Dopamine (Beta Effects)

5-10 mcg/kg/min

39

Dopamine (Alpha Effects)

10-20 mcg/kg/min

40

Dobutamine (Dobutrex)

[Prep: mix 250mg in 250 mL NS or D5W OR 500mg in 500mL NS or D5W] Dose: 2-20mcg/kg/minute IV infusion

41

Aspirin

160-325 mg PO Chewable tablets

42

Nitroglycerin (Bolus)

0.4 mg SL Tablet q 5min PRN maintain systolic BP >100mmHg or 1-2” TD paste

43

Nitroglycerin Infusion

10 mcg/min via Pump increase by 5-10 mcg/min q5 min to relieve CP or Pulmonary Edema Maintain Systemic BP >100mmHg

44

Sodium Bicarbonate (NaHCO3)

1mEq/kg IVP/IO repeat at 0.5mEq/kg q 10minutes prn

45

Magnesium Sulfate (Eclampsia)

2-4grams slow IVP in 10 mL NS over 5 minutes

46

Magnesium Sulfate (Torsades de Pointes)

1-2 grams IVP diluted in 10mL NS

47

Magnesium Sulfate (Asthma)

2 grams slow IVP in 100mL NS over 10 minutes

48

Oxytocin (Pitocin)

Bolus: 3-10 units IM Infusion: 10-20 units mL NS via 60gtts/mL set and titrate to effect

49

Albuterol (proventil, ventolin) Adult

2.5 mg in 3 mL NS via aerosol nebulizer prn

50

Albuterol (proventil, ventolin) Pediatric

0.15 mg/kg in 2.5-3 mL NS via aerosol Nebulizer prn

51

Ipatropium Bromide (Atrovent) Adult

0.5mg (500mcg) in 2.5-3mL of NS via Nebulizer q 6 hours

52

Ipatropium Bromide (Atrovent) Pediatric

0.125-0.25 mg (125 mcg-250 mcg) Nebulizer q 6

53

Methylprednisolone (Solu-Medrol) Adult

125-250 mg IVP/IM

54

Methylprednisolone (Solu-Medrol) Pediatric

1mg/kg IVP

55

50% Dextros in Water (D50W or D50) Adult

25g of a 50% solution IVP PRN

56

50% Dextros in Water (D50W or D50) Pediatric

0.5 g/kg IVP or IO using a 25% solution if under 10kg use 10%

57

Glucagon (GlucaGen) Adult Hypoglycemia

1mg (unit) IM/SQ q 10-20 minutes

58

Glucagon (GlucaGen) Adult CCB/Beta Blocker OD

2-5 mg IM/SQ/IV

59

Glucagon (GlucaGen) Pediatric

0.01-0.1 mg/kg IM/SQ

60

Diphenhydramine (Benedryl) Adult

25-50 mg IVP or IM q 6-8 hrs

61

Diphenhydramine (Benedryl) Pediatric

1mg/kg IVP or IO maximum single dose is 50 mg q 6-8 hrs

62

Haloperidol (Haldol)

5mg IM may repeat once in 5min

63

Naloxone (Narcan) Adult

0.4-2mg IV/IM/SQ/ETT (Double dose if ETT) q 2-3 minutes to a max of 10mg

64

Naloxone (Narcan) Pediatric

0.1 mg/kg IVP/IO/IM/SQ/ETT (double dose if ETT) q 2-3 minutes to a max of 10mg

65

Furosemide (Lasix)

0.5-1mg/kg slow IVP over 1-2 minutes (General dosing 40-120mg slow IVP)

66

Calcium Chloride (Hyperkalemia and Calcium Channel Blocker overdose)

8-16 mg/kg of a 10% solution slow IVP q 10 minutes PRN

67

Calcium Chloride Prophylactic treatment prior to calcium channel blocker

2-4 mg/kg of a 10% solution slow IVP

68

Activated Charcoal (Actidose)

1g/kg mixed with 6-8oz water to forma slurry PO/NG/OG

69

Morphine Sulfate Adult

1-5mg slow IVP/IM q 5 minutes up to 15 mg (Titrate to pain level and systolic BP>100mmHg)

70

Morphine Sulfate Pediatric

0.1 mg/kg IV may repeat once after 10min

71

Fentanyl Citrate (Sublimaze) Adult

25-50 mcg slow IVP or IM q 5 minutes up to 150mcg

72

Fentanyl Citrate (Sublimaze) Pediatric

0.5 mcg/kg slow IVP q 5 minutes up to 1.5 mcg/kg

73

Ketorolac (Toradol)

15-30 mg IVP or 30-60 mg IM (single dose only)

74

Acetaminophen (Tylenol, APAP) Adult

325-650 mg PO/PR q 4-6 hrs

75

Acetaminophen (Tylenol, APAP) Pediatric

15 mg/kg PO/PR q 4-6 hrs

76

Ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin, Nuprin) Adult

200-600 mg PO/PR q 6-8 hrs

77

Ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin, Nuprin) Pediatric

10 mg/kg PO/PR q 6-8 hrs

78

Procainamide (Pronestyl) Adult

Initial IV Infusion: 20-50 mg/min up to a max of 17mg/kg Maintenance IV infusion: 1-4 mg/min

79

Procainamide (Pronestyl) Pediatric

15 mg/kg IV over 20-60 Minutes