Skelelal / soft tissue Conditions Flashcards Preview

Elysse NPTE MSK > Skelelal / soft tissue Conditions > Flashcards

Flashcards in Skelelal / soft tissue Conditions Deck (10):
1

Osteoporosis: common sites of fracture

Thoracic and lumbar spine, femoral neck, proximal humerus, radius and tibia, pelvis

2

Osteomalacia

Decalcification of bones due to vitamin D deficiency

Symptoms: severe pain, fracture, weakness, deformity

3

Osteomyelitis

inflammation in the bone due to infection, usually staph aureus

4

Myofascial pain syndrome

Trigger points within a muscle - referral patterns are typical. Caused from sudden overload, overstitching or sustained muscle activities.
Intervention: dry needling, flexibility, desensitization

5

Tendonosis/ tendonopathy

No inflammation present

Intervention: flexibility, eccentric initially, manual therapy, thermal agents for pain

6

Bursitis

Inflammation of bursa secondary to overuse, trauma, gout or infection
Symptoms: pain with rest, limited PROM and AROM to pain not in capsular pattern

7

Myositis Ossificans

Painful abnormal calcification in the muscle belly
Etiology: usually from trauma, then hematoma and calcification
Most frequent locations: quadriceps, brachialis, biceps brachii
Surgery: indicated after trauma, and after maturation of 6-24 month or when lesions interfere with movement or nerves
Intervention: flexibility but not aggressive

8

Complex regional pain syndrome

Type I: tissue trauma, no nerve injury
Type II: clearly associated with nerve injury

9

Paget's disease

Metabolic bone disease with abnormal osteoclast and osteoblast activity.
Etiology: unknown but thought to be linked to viral infection

10

Torticollis

Tightness of the SCM muscle - SB toward and rotation away from affected side