Skill Acquisition & Sport Psychology Year 1 Flashcards Preview

Barton Peveril A Level PE > Skill Acquisition & Sport Psychology Year 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Skill Acquisition & Sport Psychology Year 1 Deck (112)
Loading flashcards...
1

Using CEMPOD identify the six skill continua.

Continuity, Environmental, Muscular Involvement, Pacing, Organisation, Difficulty.

2

What is a motor programme?

A series of sub-routines stored in the long-term memory.

3

What is a sub-routine?

An individual movement or component of a skill or technique.

4

Describe an Open Skill

The environment is changing & others affect the skill.
Much information to process

Often externally paced

Skills will require variations

Movements will require adjustments

5

Describe a Closed Skill

Not affected by the environment

Stable and predictable

Internally/Self-Paced

6

Describe a Gross Skill

Involves large muscle movements

Involves large muscle groups

Major body movement skills

7

Describe a Fine Skill

Involve small muscle movements

Involve small muscle groups

Small bodily movements

8

Describe a Discrete Skill

Skill has a definite beginning and end

Usually brief in nature – a single skill

If a skill is repeated, have to start from the beginning

9

Describe a Serial Skill

A number of discrete skills put together to make a sequence or series

The order in which the distinct elements is important

Each movement is both a stimulus and a response

10

Describe a Continuous Skill

No clear beginning or end of skill

Activity continues for unspecified time

Usually performed for a longer period of time

11

Describe a Self-Paced Skill

A performer decides when to perform or start the skill

Performer decided the rate at which the skill is performed

More closed skills e.g. shot put

12

Describe an Externally-Paced Skill

Performance of the action is determined by external sources

Involves the performer in reaction

More open skill (e.g. white water canoeing)

13

Describe a Simple Skill

Little information or stimuli to process.

Few decisions

Time to use feedback.

Few sub-routines

14

Describe a Complex Skill

Large amounts of information to process

Affected by the environment

Less time to use feedback

Many sub-routines to perform in correct order at correct time

15

Describe a High Organisation Skill

Skill cannot be split into sub-routines

Sub-routines have to be practised as part of whole movement

16

Describe a Low Organisation Skill

Sub-routines can be easily identified from overall movement

Sub-routines can be practised in isolation from overall movement

17

What are the 3 phases of learning?

Cognitive, Associative, Autonomous

18

Describe a learner in the cognitive phase

The learner is trying to create a ‘mental picture’ of the skill

Lots of trial and error

Essential that success reinforced by performer experiencing success or being told by the coach/ teacher

19

Describe a learner in the associative phase

Performer practices the skills and compares or associated movements with the mental mage

Feedback occurs (intrinsic and extrinsic)

Beginners start to eliminate mistakes, and refine skills.

Motor programmes aren't grooved

20

Describe a learner in the autonomous phase

Movements becoming automatic or subconscious

Distractions ignored (selective attention)

Focus on tactical strategies

Motor programmes fully grooved and stored in LTM.

21

Identify 4 types of guidance

Visual, Verbal, Manual, Mechanical.

22

What is the difference between manual & mechanical guidance?

Manual - Physical support and movement from the teacher/coach.

Mechanical - Using equipment to support motor development.

23

Identify 8 methods of practice

Whole

Part

Whole Part Whole

Progressive Part

Massed

Distributed

Varied

Fixed

24

What is whole practice?

Practice by doing the total or complete or entire movement/not breaking skill into subroutines or parts

25

What is part practice?

Practice by splitting or breaking down skill into subroutines or sections

26

What is whole part whole practice?

Practice the complete skill, then split it into subroutines, and then practice complete skill again.

27

What is progressive part practice?

Practice in stages that are linked or chained.

28

What is massed practice?

No or very few rest intervals

29

What is distributed practice?

Regular breaks built into practice

30

What is varied practice?

When the practice situation/environment changes.