Flashcards in Socio-Cultural Studies Years 1 & 2 Deck (61)
How many social classes were there in pre-industrial Britain?
TWO - Upper and Lower/Working Class
What was the working class profession pedestrianism originated from?
Name two pre-industrial activities available to women.
Hawking (Upper class) and Smock racing (lower class)
Who influenced the laws of society in both pre and post industrial Britain (other than the government)?
Early in the post-industrial era, how long was common for a working shift?
Which social class emerged in post-industrial era?
What types of jobs did the middle class do in the post-industrial era?
Who are the famous factory team who have their origins in a London munitions factory?
Which post-industrial era sports team played matches on Wednesdays?
Name three NGBs which were setup towards the end of the post-industrial era?
The FA 1863, The RFU 1871, The LTA 1888.
What were broken-time payments?
Payments made by owners of sports teams/factory owners for time missed at work due to playing in sporting fixtures.
When was the Education Act that required establishment of the first 'elementary' schools for the general population?
1870 (Forster Act)
When was the Education Act that saw education become free (outside of fee-paying schools)?
Who was the schoolmaster given credit for the development of the cult of athleticism and reforming public school sport?
Dr Thomas Arnold
What movement did he promote?
Provide examples of 2 different rules used in different public schools.
Eton - Against hand use in early football/rugby
Rugby - For hand use in early football/rugby
What year did the RFU split over the issue of professionalism and what sports were created as a result?
Rugby Union and Rugby League - 1895
What year was the Butler Act which stated schools had to focus on physical development?
Name a current British boxer who has gone from 'rags to riches' in the 21st century.
Name a high profile initiative aimed at promoting girls participation in sport.
This Girl Can
Identify 3 ways law and order has become more closely linked to sport in the 21st century.
Negligence and lack of safety/Spectator safety and compulsory seating at matches/Unfair dismissal eg Eva Carneiro/Drug Use and WADA/Discrimination and penalties for racism in sports grounds
Who established the modern olympic games?
Baron Pierre de Coubertin
Where were the 1936 Olympics and what were the main events?
Berlin - Hitler, Nazi Supremacy & Jesse Owens winning Gold medals
Where were the 1968 Olympics and what were the main events?
Mexico City - Black Power Salute, Civil Rights and withdrawals because of Apartheid
Where were the 1972 Olympics and what were the main events?
Munich - Palestinian Terrorism
Where were the 1976 Olympics and what were the main events?
Montreal - Boycotts, Financial Disaster
Where were the 1980 Olympics and what where the main events?
Moscow - USA led boycott due to Soviet Union invasion of Afghanistan
Where were the 1984 Olympics and what were the main events?
Los Angeles - Commercialisation, Soviet-led boycott
What is globalisation?
‘The way in which the world has become more interconnected’.
‘The trading of goods and services across the globe’.
‘It refers to how people communicate as well as world trade, international investment and the sharing of ideas’