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1 Any - Pre-reg Exam > Skin > Flashcards

Flashcards in Skin Deck (23):
1

what are collodions

things that you paint onto the skin and are allowed to dry forming a flexible film over the area

2

what is cosmetically more acceptable a cream or an oitment

crea - less oily

3

gels are particularly suitable for applcation where

face or scalp - have high water content

4

lotions have a ........... effect
lotions containting ... should not be used on broken skin
they are preferred for what sort of skin area

cooling effect
alcohol
hairy

5

oitments are more suitable for what sort of skin

chronic dry lesions

6

common ointment bases include 1

paraffin (liquid soft or hard)

7

what is in water soluble oitments to make them soluble

macrogols

8

when are pastes used and what are they

contain high proportion of finely powdered solids such as zinc oxide and starch
used for circumscribed lesions like psorisis

9

what is the point in dusting powders and when should they not be used

reduce friction between oposing skin surfaces
shouldnt be used on moist areas as they can cake and abrade skin

(talc doesnt absorb moisture)

10

Risk of talc

respiratory irritation

11

diluted creams should be used within ........ of dilution

2 weeks

12

suitable quantities for areas of the body
face

cream and ointment (g) / lotion (ml)
15-30 / 100

13

suitable quantities for areas of the body (1 weeks)
both hands

cream and ointment (g) / lotion (ml)
25 - 50 / 200

14

suitable quantities for areas of the body (1 weeks)
scalp

cream and ointment (g) / lotion (ml)
50-100 / 200

15

suitable quantities for areas of the body (1 weeks)
both arms or both legs

cream and ointment (g) / lotion (ml)
100 - 200 / 200

16

suitable quantities for areas of the body (1 weeks)
trunk

cream and ointment (g) / lotion (ml)
400 / 500

17

suitable quantities for areas of the body (1 weeks)
groins and genitalia

cream and ointment (g) / lotion (ml)
15-25 / 100

18

use of aqueous cream as a leave on emollient in eczema may cause

increase in risk of reactions of the skin

19

urea is sometimes used with corticosteroids to do what

enhance penetration into the skin

20

first line treatment for nappy rash
second
third

ensure nappies are changed frequently,
tightly fitting and waterproof pants are avoided

barrier preparation applied for each change may be useful
also mild corticosteroid creams such as hydrocortisone 0.5 or 1% but should be avoided in neonates (occulsive effect of tight fitting water proof nappies may increase absorption)

21

creams from a tub should be removed how?

with a clean spoon or spatula

22

what direction should emollients be applied

in the direction of hair growth to avoid foliculitis

23

urea is a ...... softener

keratin
also a hydrating agent