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Flashcards in Skin Analysis Deck (16)
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1

SECRETION
Dry, normal, oily, acne prone

Dry: no shine, skin feels powdery(dry), fine lines, small to non existent follicular Ostia.

Normal: Midday/Moderate oil (usually in Tzone/perimeter), open comedones on nose (clogging), hormonal breakouts, and skin feels velvety.

Oily: heavier secretion in Tzone and on perimeter, morning oil that’s visible, comes on on fingers, open and closed comedones, prone to acne, skin can feel sticky/coated.

Acne Prone: (Treat Condition First, skin may be sensitive) open and closed comedones, pustules, papules, and cysts —— combinations of the above. Blemished and sensitive. Dead skin can build up and make it appear dry.

2

Factors that can affect secretion

Hormones(birth control, dairy)

Improper cleansing (striping the acid mantle)

Environment (temp)

Stress (adrenaline-havoc - oil)

Diet( coffee, sweets, dairy processed)

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Questions for secretion

Do you see an oily shine?
Does oil every come off on your fingers?
Do you get breakouts? How often? Clogged oils? Where and how many?
Are you on birth control?
What products do you use for your cleansing routine?

Dry skin
Does your skin ever feel itchy or tight?
All the time or after cleansing? Showering?

4

Texture

Thin- blood supply is visible (capillaries), follicular Ostia is not visible, a porcelain skin “smooth”

Medium- medium to small follicular ostia, visible in Tzone and get smaller throughout the perimeter.

Thick- F.O are very visible, can feel rough to the tough, resembles orange peel, scarring visible.

5

Factors that affect texture

Genetics (men)
Race( deeper darker pigments are usually thicker textures)
Sun exposure
Acne scarring
Stretched ostia from clogging for an extended period.

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Questions for texture (FO)

Can you see the Follicular Ostia?
Does the skin feel smooth or grainy ?
Is the texture different in Tzone than perimeter?
Do you spend a lot of time in sun or tanning beds?

7

Hydration

Well hydrated: Healthy appearance, moist, radiant glow, no tight or flakiness.

Superficial dehydration: feels tight, flaky, shine lines (when pinched), can be felt through out face, itchiness and irritation, soap? Using wrong products?

Deep dehydration:
Deep crevice lines and folds, loss of tone in jaw line, over exposure to sun, sun damage& freckles& sun spots = actinic keratoses

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Factors that affect hydration

Water intake
Medications
Tobacco
Sun exposure
Improper cleansing and moisturizing habits
Environments(temp)
Alcohol and caffeine

9

Questions to ask for hydration

Do you ever see flakiness?
Does the skin feel tight ?( any vertical line) (feel rough)
Does your skin ever feel itchy or irritated ?
How much water to you drink?
Do you use soap or any astringents? What products do you use on your face?
Do you sunbathe?

10

Tone

Poor

Good

Excellent

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Factors that can affect tone?

Sun exposure

Dehydration

Lifestyle

Weight loss

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Questions to ask for during tone.

When you pinch the jawline and décolleté does it snap back?

Does the Decollete appear firm? Along with hands and neck.

How is their lifestyle? Unhealthy? Diet? Smoke? Alcohol? Sun bathing

13

Sensitivity

Little to no Sensitivity
little to no bloodiness after cleansing, no heat, and even pigmentation

Moderate Sensitivity- Skin gets blotchy after cleansing, Heat felt on cheeks and chin, Typically has allergies.

Extreme Sensitivity- Skin gets red when touched, Heat is felt, aggravation to harsh products or fragrances, (dermatitis, acne, rosacea are forms of sensitivity.)

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Factors that affect Sensitivity

Harsh or irritating products
Spicy or highly acidic foods
medications
environments
caffeine/alcohol
sun exposure

15

Pigmentation

Normal

Hyper pigmentation- PIH acne staining/scarring (post inflammatory hyperpigmentation), lentingines, macoles, sun spots.

Hypo pigmentation: White patches caused by sun, disease (Vitiligo) or scaring.

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Factors that can affect Pigmentation.

Hormones
SUN
Medications
Trauma