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Flashcards in Social Class Deck (9)
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1

Labov’s socioeconomic index (1966)

0-1 LC
2-4 WC
5-6/7-8 LMC
9 UMC

2

Elements of Labov’s socioeconomic index

Occupation
Education
Income

3

Variable studied in NYC department stores

Post-vocalic (r)
Prestige feature
‘Fourth Floor’
Unconscious and careful response
Token before a consonant and word finally

4

Instances of most (r) (Labov, NYC, 1966)

In Saks
In careful speech
In word final position

5

Labov speech community (1972)

Group who share evaluative language behaviour

6

Romaine (1980)

Features found in speech of lower classes will also be found in casual speech of upper classes

7

Meyerhoff (2006)

Careful talk is like that’s of the social class above

8

Cross-over effect

Hypercorrection of LMC leads so an overlap

9

[a:] Mugglestone (2003)

Variant that started as lower class now perceived to be upper class