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Flashcards in Gender Deck (14)
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1

Women use more standard variants

Labov (1966)
Trudgill (1974) -in

2

Hudson - pattern between sex and prestige

Labov NYC
Trudgill Norwich
Cheshire Reading (1982)

3

Women have more customer faving roles

Zhang (2005)

4

Women lead in changes from above and below

Meyerhoff (2006)

5

Change from above

Overtly prestigious
Postvocalic /r/ in NYC

6

Change from below

Unconscious and casual
Raising of (ay) in Detroit

7

Women are more sensitive to social evaluation

Labov (2001)

8

46/48 interruptions in mixed conversations came from men

Zimmerman & West (1975)

9

Goodwin (1980) interactions of children

Boys give explicit commands assert status, learn to gain the floor
Girls give implicit directives, maintain closeness, learn to interpret others

10

Holmes - gender and class

Similar features distinguish both genre and class e.g. Trudgill

11

Pamela Fishman (1983)

Women use more
- questions
- minimal responses
Less successful in initiating topics

12

Babir (1986)

Men use more Classical Arabic features while women used more variants

Men often more educated with more prestigious jobs

13

Cheshire Vernacular Culture Index

Class a feature use correlated to VCI

14

Female social distinctive ness (Eckert)

Burned-out burnout girls showed most urban vowels whilst jock girls showed the least