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Lifespan Communicative and Cognitive Development > Social Interaction > Flashcards

Flashcards in Social Interaction Deck (20):
1

What is the main interest of linguistics and social interaction?

Main interest is in how language is used in social interaction

2

When is there join attention, vocal exchanges and turn-taking skills?

0-1 years

3

When is there conversational turn taking and topic maintenance?

1-2 years

4

When is there conversational strategies of turnabout, illocutionary intent, adjusting speech to listener and social expectations?

3-5 years

5

When is there advanced conversation strategies (shading), and communications by telephone?

6-10

6

When is there an ability to cope with a range of social/communicative situations, which improves?

11 years +

7

What is the maxim of quantity?

Make your contributions as informative as required
Make the strongest statement you can

8

What is the maxim of quality?

Do not say what you believe to be false
Do not say for which you lack adequate evidence

9

What is the maxim of relation?

Be relevant (stay on topic)

10

What is the maxim of manner?

Avoid obscurity of expression
Avoid ambiguity
Be brief
Be orderly

11

What are the questions associated with psychology and social interaction?

How do skills develop, and what cognitive abilities might be required for them?
How does SI influence/mediate/constrain/etc. cognitive development?

12

What did Vygotsky place an emphasis on?

Role of SI in cognitive development
Close relationships between culture, language and cognitive development

13

What is social in origin?

'Individual' mental functioning

14

What do children develop according to Vygotsky?

A gradual internalisation of interpersonal exchanges

15

What do children go through in terms of internalisation?

Completing tasks in interaction with adults
Egocentric speech
Completing tasks independently with no self-talk (ingrowth stage)

16

What is the zone of proximal development?

Skills a child can learn only with the help of an adult

17

Why is play important?

Context to provide opportunities for shared and individual 'practice' of internalising skills

18

What is mediation?

Where one entity plays an intermediate role between two other entities, e.g. experience and development

19

What is the cultural mediation of development?

Understanding is refracted through the experience of others
Children experience the world through cultural and social practices that they may not initially understand

20

What is language according to Vygotsky?

A culturally-derived set of symbols that transforms relations between experience and cognition