Social Process Theories- Socialized Crime Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Social Process Theories- Socialized Crime Deck (14):
1

What are the four basic premises of socialisation and crime?

- everyone has the potential to become a criminal
- criminality is a function of individual socialisation
-crime is not limited to the poor and under-class
-we need to examine the agents of socialisation such as family, school, peer groups and religion

2

Name the four social insitutions in social process theories

Family relations, educational experience, peer relations and institutional involvement

3

List 8 family relation issues that could lead to socialisation of crime

- conflict and tension
- separation and divorce
-single parenthood
-inconsistent discipline
-parent-child relations
-parental mental health problems
-drug abuse
-child abuse and neglect

4

Give examples of educational experience which could influence socialised crime

-dropping out
-poor academic achievement
-“streaming” or tracking

5

Give three examples of peer relations which could influence socialised crime

-acceptance and popularity effect
-falling in with a bad crowd
-antisocial friends

6

List institutional involvement and belief that can influence

-religious beliefs and values
-religious participation
-evidence of impact on criminal behaviour is mixed

7

What are the three theories that are effects of socialisation on crime ?

Social learning theory
Social control theory
Social reaction theory

8

What theory looks at “crime learned through interaction with criminal peers” ?

Social learning theory

9

Who came up with social learning
Theory?

Edwin h. Sutherland (1883-1950)

10

Research shows that differential associations is related to :

Violent behaviour
Substance abuse and drug trade
Career patterns of crime

11

What is differential reinforcement theory ?

Combined differential association theory with operant conditioning.
-deviant behaviour starts as imitation
-maintained through reinforcement
-weakened through punishment

12

What are the main influences in differential reinforcement theory ?

Groups that control reinforcement abd punishment

13

Describe social control theory

Criminal tendencies are controlled by bonds to society

14

Social reaction theory.....?

Criminality is result of labelling by significant other means.