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Flashcards in social studies Deck (35)
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1

Where is Europe? 3 descriptions

next to Russia
north of Africa
west of Asia

2

In what hemisphere is most of Europe located?

Eastern

3

What line is used to divide the eastern and western hemispheres?

Prime Meridian

4

Name the two major land features of Europe, and provide 5 - 6 examples of each.

1. islands - Crete, Ireland, Great Britain, Corsica, Sardinia, Sicily, Iceland
2. peninsulas - Balken, Iberian, Scandinavian, Jutland, Italian

5

How was the Northern European Plain created?

glaciers

6

How does the formation of the Northern European Plain affect the land use in the area?

farmland with fertile soil for farming and livestock

7

What are the two most important rivers in Europe?

Rhine and Danube

8

What are the major bodies of water that surround europe?

Mediterranean Arctic, and Atlantic
Black Sea, Baltic Sea, Caspian Sea

9

What mountain range separates European Russia from Asian Russia?

Ural Mountains

10

What river separates Russia from the rest of Europe?

Volga River

11

What type of climate is the most common in europe?

Marine West COast

12

What resources can be found in the Central Siberian Plateau in Russia?

mostly coal

13

What two resources are the most common in Europe?

coal and oil

14

What is the main religion in Europe?

Christian

15

What is the main type of economy in Europe?

industry

16

What is the main type of government in Europe?

democracy

17

What highly populated city lies on the Prime Meridian?

London, England

18

In what area does the least number of people live in Europe?

Scandinavia and Iceland
Sweden, Norway, and Finland

19

What is the main economic activity of Eastern Europe?

commercial farming

20

How did Ancient Greece have an impact on society today?

They were known for their artwork. They built monuments.
advancement in government (voting) and philosophy
colonization and spreading of culture and trade
first people to write and perform plays

21

What were the crusades?

military campaigns sanctioned by the Catholic Church - called holy wars
Christians vs. Muslims - trying to take Christianity to other parts of the world and "save holy lands"

22

Describe the Black Death and its impact on Europe in the middle ages.

a plague that killed many people

23

What does the term Renaissance mean?

rebirth particularly in art

24

What happened during the Reformation?

Protestants broke away from the Catholic Church creating their own religion

25

What is trench warfare and some of its advantages and disadvantages?

war tactic used during WWI
advantage - camouflage, not in a straight line, new disadvantage - disease, cold, sickness

26

Describe the Holocaust and its impact.

during WWII - when many people were killed for being different - sent to concentration camps

27

What political idea separated Eastern and Western Europe during the Cold War?

communism

28

What city put up a wall to separate the two sides during the cold war?

Berlin - East Berlin and West Berlin

29

When did the idea of a "European Union" begin, and who started it?

Jean Monnet after WWII

30

Describe the transition of the groups from European Coal and Steel Community to European Economic Community to the European Union?

ECSC -talks about coal and steel
EEC - started free trade
EU started traveling freely and sharing