Flashcards in social studies Deck (35)
Where is Europe? 3 descriptions
next to Russia
north of Africa
west of Asia
In what hemisphere is most of Europe located?
What line is used to divide the eastern and western hemispheres?
Name the two major land features of Europe, and provide 5 - 6 examples of each.
1. islands - Crete, Ireland, Great Britain, Corsica, Sardinia, Sicily, Iceland
2. peninsulas - Balken, Iberian, Scandinavian, Jutland, Italian
How was the Northern European Plain created?
How does the formation of the Northern European Plain affect the land use in the area?
farmland with fertile soil for farming and livestock
What are the two most important rivers in Europe?
Rhine and Danube
What are the major bodies of water that surround europe?
Mediterranean Arctic, and Atlantic
Black Sea, Baltic Sea, Caspian Sea
What mountain range separates European Russia from Asian Russia?
What river separates Russia from the rest of Europe?
What type of climate is the most common in europe?
Marine West COast
What resources can be found in the Central Siberian Plateau in Russia?
What two resources are the most common in Europe?
coal and oil
What is the main religion in Europe?
What is the main type of economy in Europe?
What is the main type of government in Europe?
What highly populated city lies on the Prime Meridian?
In what area does the least number of people live in Europe?
Scandinavia and Iceland
Sweden, Norway, and Finland
What is the main economic activity of Eastern Europe?
How did Ancient Greece have an impact on society today?
They were known for their artwork. They built monuments.
advancement in government (voting) and philosophy
colonization and spreading of culture and trade
first people to write and perform plays
What were the crusades?
military campaigns sanctioned by the Catholic Church - called holy wars
Christians vs. Muslims - trying to take Christianity to other parts of the world and "save holy lands"
Describe the Black Death and its impact on Europe in the middle ages.
a plague that killed many people
What does the term Renaissance mean?
rebirth particularly in art
What happened during the Reformation?
Protestants broke away from the Catholic Church creating their own religion
What is trench warfare and some of its advantages and disadvantages?
war tactic used during WWI
advantage - camouflage, not in a straight line, new disadvantage - disease, cold, sickness
Describe the Holocaust and its impact.
during WWII - when many people were killed for being different - sent to concentration camps
What political idea separated Eastern and Western Europe during the Cold War?
What city put up a wall to separate the two sides during the cold war?
Berlin - East Berlin and West Berlin
When did the idea of a "European Union" begin, and who started it?
Jean Monnet after WWII