social studies semester 2 final Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in social studies semester 2 final Deck (42)
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1

What is New Zealand's main export?

wool

2

What are the names of the Pacific Island regions?

1. Micronesia
2. Polynesia
2. Melanesia

3

What country owned Australia before its independence?

Great Britain

4

What is the Great Barrier Reef?

world's largest coral reef system - 2,900 coral reefs dotted with 900 islands

5

What physical feature does Australia have?

1. desert outback
2. grasslands
3. mountains
4. coral reef

6

What is Australia known as?

the land down under

7

Is Antarctica a desert?

yes - no available water - all frozen

8

How is Antarctica different from other places?

no permanent populations or countries
used for research

9

What is the difference between an iceberg and an ice shelf?

ice shelf comes from land
iceberg - free floating

10

What is meant by the following quote, "The flying bullet down the Pass, That whistles clear: "All flesh is grass."

compares human life to a blade of grass - short and easily cut even shorter

11

What is the Rub' al-Khali?

the largest sand desert in the world - known as the empty quarter

12

List the three religions that are popular in southwest and central Asia?

1. Islam
2. Christianity
3. Judaism

13

What two groups are fighting in Israel? What land are they fighting over?

Israeli and Palestinians - fighting over the Gaza Strip (West Strip)

14

Describe Iran's government and Saudi Arabia's government. How are they similar to and different from the U.S.?

Iran - Theocracy - Presidential System - Islamic Republic - Parliamentary System - elected officials under rule of a Muslin Cleric (supreme leader)

Saudi Arabia - absolute monarchy
- ultra conservative - literal interpretation of Islam - divine authority

- much more restrictive than U.S.
We separate church and state and have religious freedom.
We do have elections.

15

What is the difference between crude oil and oil reserves?

crude oil or petroleum is a liquid mixture still in the ground
oil reserves are the amount of recoverable oil have been discovered but aren't being used

16

What country has the most oil reserves?

Saudi Arabia

17

What is the Human Development Index, and why is it used?

life expectancy, education and income index used to rank countries in 4 tiers of human development - social and economic

18

Why are the Aral Sea and the Dead Sea shrinking?

dams and irrigation

19

What is apartheid?

racial separation in South Africa between whites and blacks in South Africa

20

Where was apartheid?

South Africa

21

What was the beginning of apartheid?

colonization of Africa - British wanted to maintain minority rule - passed laws legalizing segregation

22

What is meant by the term genocide?

deliberate killing of a large group of people of a particular group or nation

23

Where in Africa was a genocide?

Rwanda

24

What groups were involved in the Rwanda genocide?

Hutu majority and Tutsi (roughly 70% killed)

25

Where in Europe was a genocide?

Nazi Germany and nearby areas

26

Where in Central America was a genocide?

Guatemala

27

What is the impact of the Nile River on the people living there?

great water source - farming and survival

28

What is the impact of the Sahara Desert on the people living there?

little water - barely any life

29

What countries does the Nile River flow through?

Egypt, Sudan, Ethiopia, Burundi, Uganda, Kenya

30

What is the Nile River known for?

longest river in Africa