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Flashcards in Soft tissue and Musculoskeletal Deck (14)
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1

Phases of wound Healing

Inflammatory phase, fibroblastic phase, maturation phase

2

Contusion

Blunt trauma that results in swelling, pain, ecchymosis
Caused by bleeding under the skin

3

Abrasion

Scrapes and scratches where part of the skin surface has been lost

4

Laceration

Jagged cut where tissues are torn leaving rough edges

5

Puncture

Caused by penetration of an object

6

Avulsion

Large portion of skin and tissues are torn loose or off

7

Incision

Smooth even cut

8

Amputation

Loss of limb

9

Evisceration

Removal of internal organs
bend knees to relax abdo muscles, do not attempt to replace

10

Injury assessment

size
depth
location contamination

11

Dislocations

When normal articulating ends of 2 bones are displaced
Complete : luxation
Incomplete: sublaxation

12

Muscles and Tendons

Strain is an injury to the muscle with damage to muscle or collagen fibers
Normally damaged at any location
Muscles prone to injury at ones that cross more to one joint

13

Ligaments

Fibrous connections between bones
Primarily composed of collagen
Sprains: joints being forced beyond normal range

14

Fracture Healing

1. Haematoma Formation - blood vessels nearby and in periostaeum are lacerated. Inflammatory response
2. Fibrinocartilaginous Callus Formation - new capillaries form in granulation, fibroblasts form periosteum and endosteum and red bone marrow form a soft callus
3. Bony Callus Formation - conversion of fibrinocartilaginous callus to bony callus. Becomes spongy bone
4. Remodelling - dead portions are removed and spongy bone converted to compact bone