Spectrums Flashcards Preview

01. Antimicrobials > Spectrums > Flashcards

Flashcards in Spectrums Deck (41):
1

Pen G Spectrum

Good: syphilis, most strept Mod: enterococci, GP anaerobes

2

Polymyxin Spectrum

Good: many GNR (A. baumannii, Pseudomonas)

3

Levofloxacin Spectrum

Good: enteric GNs, S. pneumo, atypicals, H. flu Mod: Pseudomonas, MSSA

4

Carbapenem Spectrum

Good: MSSA, strept, enteric and ESBL GNRs, Pseudomonas (not erta), Acinetobacter (not erta) Mod: enterococci (not erta)

5

Clindamycin Spectrum

Good: GP anaerobes, Plasmodium, S. pyogenes Mod: Staph (not MSRA), GN anaerobes, Chlamydia, protozoa

6

Folate Antagonist Spectrum

Good: MSSA (some MSRA), H flu, Stenotophmonas, PJP, Mod: enteric GNRs, S. pneumo, Salmonella, Shigella, Nocardia

7

1st Gen Ceph Spectrum

Good: MSSA, strep Mod: some enteric GNR

8

Aminopenicillins

Amoxicllin, ampicillin

9

Daptomycin Spectrum

Good: MSSA, MRSA, strept Mod: enterococci (VRE)

10

Ceph Combo Spectrum

Good: enteric GNRs, B. fragilis, strep, Pseudomonas

11

Vancomycin Spectrum

Good: MSSA, MRSA, strept, C. diff Mod: enterococci

12

Macrolide Spectrum

Good: atypicals, H flu, Moraxella, H pylori, Mycobacterium Mod: strept

13

Aminoglycosides

Gentamicin, Tobramycin, Amikacin

14

Folate Antagonists

TMX/SMX, dapsone, sulfadiazine

15

Metronidazole Spectrum

Good: anaerobes, protozoa Mod: H. pylori

16

2nd Gen Ceph

Cefuroxime, cefoxitin

17

2nd Gen Ceph Spectrum

Good: some enteric GNRs, H flu, Neisseria Mod: strept, staph, anaerobes (cefoxitin)

18

3rd Gen Ceph

Ceftriaxone, cefotaxime, ceftazidime, cefdinir, cefpodoxime

19

Antistaph PCNs

Nafcillin, oxacillin, dicloxacillin

20

AG Spectrum

Good: GNs(Pseudo, Acinetobacter) Mod in combo with beta-lactam or glycopeptide: GP cocci

21

Cipro Spectrum

Good: enteric GNRs, H. flu Mod: Pseudomonas, atypicals

22

Piperacillin/Tazobactam Spectrum

Good: MSSA, Pseudomonas, strept, enterococci, many anaerobes, enteric GNRs

23

PNC/BLI Combo Spectrum

Good: MSSA, Strept, Enterococci, many anaerobes, enteric GNRS

24

Tetracyclines

Tetracycline, doxycycline, minocycline

25

Cefepime

Good: MSSA, strept, Pseudomonas, enteric GNRs Mod: Acinetobacter

26

Ceftaroline Spectrum

Good: MSSA, MRSA, strepto, enteric GNRS Mod: E. faecalis

27

Aminopenicillin Spectrum

DOC: E. faecalis Good: strep Mod: enteric GNRs, H. flu

28

1st Gen Cephalosporins

Cefazolin, cephalexin

29

Ceph Combo

Ceftazidime/avibactam, cefolozane/tazobactam

30

3rd Gen Ceph Spectrum

Good: strept, enteric GNRs, Pseudomonas (ceftazidime only) Mod: MSSA (not ceftazidime)

31

Polymyxins

Polymyxins B, colistin

32

Linezolid Spectrum

Good: MSSA, MRSA, strept (MDR), enterococci (VRE), Nocardia Mod: some atypicals, Mycobacterium

33

Macrolides

Erythromycin, clarithromycin, azithromycin

34

Nitrofurantoin Spectrum

Good: E. coli, S. saprophyticus Mod: Citrobacter, Kleb, Proteus, enterococci

35

Tigecycline Spectrum

Good: atypical, enterococci (VRE), staph (MRSA), S. pneumo Mod: most GNRs, anaerobes

36

Antistaph PCN Spectrum

Good: MSSA, Strept

37

Fluoroquinolones

Ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin

38

PCN/BLI Combo

Ampicllin/sulbactam, amoxicillin/clavulante

39

Tetracycline Spectrum

Good: atypicals, rickettsia, spirochetes (H. pylori), Plasmodium Mod: staph (MRSA), S. pneumo

40

Aztreonam Spectrum

Good: pseudomonas, most GNRs Mod: acinetobacter

41

Carbapenems

Imipenem/cilastatin, merropenem, ertapenem, doripenem