Sports Injuries Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Sports Injuries Deck (47):
1

Anterior Shoulder Dislocation- MoI

Fall on outstretched & abducted arm, trauma. 95% of shoulder dislocations

2

Anterior Shoulder Dislocation- Sx

Acute pain, deformity, holding shoulder in externally rotated position.

3

Anterior Shoulder Dislocation- Dx

X-ray initially, MRI to determine tears

4

Anterior Shoulder Dislocation- Tx

Reduced (Stimson method) & immobilized for 2-4 weeks, PT if recurrent

5

Posterior Shoulder- MoI

Uncommon- fall from height, epileptic seizures & electric shocks

6

Clavicle fracture- MoI

Direct trauma, one of most commonly fractured bones. High speed contact sports

7

Clavicle fracture- Sx

Shoulder sags forward & downward. Proximal fragment superior. Pain & limited ROM in flexion & abduction

8

Clavicle fracture- Dx

Clinical findings & x-ray

9

Clavicle fracture- Tx

Rest, immobilization, strengthening following healing

10

Epicondylitis- MoI

Chronic, repetitive overuse causing microtrauma at tendon insertion or excessive loading

11

Epicondylitis- Sx

Lateral-Pain in arm and wrist with extension. Tennis elbow.
Medial- Pain during pronation. Golfers elbow, tenderness at insertion point

12

Epicondylitis- Dx

Clinical tests

13

Epicondylitis- Tx

NSAIDs, activity modification, ice, stretching, counterforce brace, PT

14

Meniscal injury to knee- MoI

Rotational force applied with planted foot. Medial most common.

15

Meniscal injury to knee- Sx

Pain, clicking & locking sensation, antalgic gait, swelling 24 hrs following injury

16

Meniscal injury to knee- Dx

McMurray & Apley test, MRI to confirm

17

Meniscal injury to knee- Tx

Immobilization, analgesics & PT Repair & debridement,

18

Anterior cruciate ligament injury- MoI

valgus blow to knee, jumping, pivot or deceleration

19

Anterior cruciate ligament injury- Sx

Audible pop, acute swelling, motion difficulty, lateral instability

20

Anterior cruciate ligament injury- Dx

Lachman, anterior drawer or pivot shift to determine laxity. MRI to dx

21

Anterior cruciate ligament injury- Tx

Surgical reconstruction, PT & brace

22

Posterior cruciate ligament- MoI

Anterior trauma to tibia, often associated with injuries to MCL & ACL

23

Posterior cruciate ligament injury- Sx

Difficulty walking, pain, swelling, pallor & numbness, patellar dislocation

24

Posterior cruciate ligament injury- Dx

Posterior drawer test, sag sign, MRI

25

Posterior cruciate ligament injury- Tx

Immobilization, braces, crutches & PT

26

Collateral ligament injury- medial or lateral- MoI

Valgus or varus blow or stress to knee. MCL more common, often in conjunction with ACL

27

Collateral ligament injury- medial or lateral- Sx

Limited ROM, difficult walking, pain along course of ligaments. Little to no effusion

28

Collateral ligament injury- medial or lateral- Dx

Varus and Valgus stress tests

29

Collateral ligament injury- medial or lateral- Tx

Protected weight bearing & PT

30

Ankle sprain- MoI

Inversion- Turning on ankle during fall or irregular step
Eversion- blow to foot when externally rotated & everted

31

Ankle sprain- Sx

Pain, swelling, difficulty weight bearing, limited ROM
point of maximal tenderness at lateral malleolus

32

Ankle sprain- Dx

Anterior drawer, external rotation stress test

33

Ankle sprain- Tx

Modified activity, ice, compression, elevation, ankle stabilizer

34

Stress fracture of foot- MoI

Increase in training or activity, nutrition, osteoporosis

35

Stress fracture of foot- Sx

Localized pain accentuated by walking, swelling and point tenderness

36

Stress fracture of foot- Tx

Rest & avoidance of high impact activity

37

Medial tibial syndrome- MoI

Increased training or activity level. Common in runners

38

Medial tibial syndrome-Sx

Diffuse, nagging pain over anterior tibia. Worsens with running

39

Medial tibial syndrome- Tx

Rest and resumption of activities in graduated fashion

40

AC Joint Separation of Shoulder- MoI

Direct downward blow to tip of shoulder

41

AC Joint Separation of Shoulder- Sx

Pain at top of shoulder, visible elevation or displacement of clavicle

42

Gamekeepers Thumb-MoI

Forced into radial deviation placing stress in ulnar collateral ligament

43

Gamekeepers Thumb- Sx

Pain & selling over proximal phalanx and thumb metacarpal

44

Mallet finger- MoI

Sudden trauma to actively extended DIP

45

Mallet finger- Sx

DIP stuck in flexion, passive extension possible

46

Achilles Tendon Rupture- MoI

Sudden, forceful dorsiflexion of foot at gastrocsoleus is contracted.

47

Achilles Tendon Rupture- Sx

Sudden calf pain, audible pop, weak plantar flexion