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Flashcards in Sports medicine Deck (6):
1

how are different degrees of sprains classified

great 1 less than 25 percent of ligament tearing mild pain and swelling without instability; 26 percent to 75 percent of ligament tearing moderate pain and swelling los range of motion and slight instability; great 3 total disruption of the ligament resulting in severe pain and swelling, severe loss of range of motion, and joint instability

2

how are brachial plexus lesions classified

grade 1 neuropraxia characterized by transient loss of motor and sensory nerve conduction with complete recovery in less than 2 weeks grade 2 significant motor deficits in some sensory deficits laughing at least 2 weeks full recovery is variable ranging from 4 to 6 weeks to 1 year average is 3 months great 3 complete loss of nerve function with motor and sensory dep it's lasting for least 1 year with no appreciable improvements during this time.

3

is it dangerous for the young adolescent to lift weights

as long is the athlete uses proper technique with supervision and does not maximally lift injury should be minimal major injuries occur of growth plate fractures usually results meaning improper execution

4

describe a good youth strength training program

phase 1 education introduce children to proper exercise technique, strength training guidelines, and safety procedures focus is on technique begin with 1 set of 10 to 15 repetitions in 2 to 3 non consecutive training sessions per week

phase 2 progression increase gradually the overload placed on the various muscle groups. This maybe a achieved by increasing resistance or the number of repetitions, sets, exercises for training sessions 2 to 3 sets of 8 to 12 repetitions may be appropriate. New multi joint exercises me be introduced monitor child response to exercise sessions constantly.

phase 3 function depending on the goal of the workout, the volume of training may increase 2 to 3 sets of 6 to 8 repetitions on the major muscle groups. If the child is ready, more challenging exercises can be incorporated. Skill technique is is still a priority

5

what is appropriate initial treatment for someone with acute sports injury

pricemms

p = protection from further injury all

R= rest from further activity of the engine parts but not complete immobilization of the whole body

I = ice to decrease metabolism and pain

c = compression to minimize swelling

e = elevation to minimize swelling

m = modalities such is electrical stimulation for pain control

m = medication such is anti inflammatories

s = support, such as taping or bracing

6

list general criteria for trying to sports activity

complete resolution of acute signs and symptoms related to the injury

full dynamic range of motion of all joints

adequate strength and proprioception to be able to perform expected skills

no alteration in normal mechanics a good sport technique

good mental and emotional state for return to sport

performance of sport specific activity at or above pre injury levels

appropriate cardiovascular aerobic or anaerobic conditions