Stances Flashcards Preview

Taekwon Do > Stances > Flashcards

Flashcards in Stances Deck (28):
1

Attention Stance - Charyot Sogi

1. Feet form a 45 degree angle (heels together)
2. Drop fists down naturally, bending elbows slightly
3. Fists are clenched slightly
4. Eyes face the front, slightly above the horizon line
5. Used before and after each exercise

2

Bow Posture - Kyong Ye Jase

1. Bend body 15 degrees forward
2. Keep eyes fixed on opponent's eyes

3

Crouched Stance - Oguryo Sogi

1. Full or side facing in attack and defense
2. Variation of the diagonal stance and makes use of leg tension by bending the knees inward
3. Distance between feet is flexible
4. Advanced foot determines stance
5. Advantages - shifting into other stances quickly and presents flexible guarding posture to make opponent move in free sparring
6. Weakness of the knee joints against attack from the sides

4

Bending Stance - Guburyo Sogi

1. Preparatory stance for side or back kicks
2. Used frequently for defense
3. When standing with a right foot it is a right one-leg stance and vice-versa

5

Bending Ready Stance - Guburyo Junbi Sogi

1. Stance is determined by the leg you are standing on
2. Preparatory stance for side and back kicks
3. Used for defense techniques
4. full or half-facing
5. Types of stance
A. Type A -
1. Principally used for a preparatory position of side piercing and side thrusting kicks
2. Base leg is slightly bent with other foot's sole at inner base leg's knee but not touching
3. Hands - middle guarding block
B. Type B -
1. Preparatory for back piercing kick
2. Distance between fist and thigh is 25 cm
3. Elbow bent 30 degrees

6

Close Stance - Moa Sogi

1. Full or side facing
2. Stand with feet together
3. Hand position
A. Type A - 30cm between fist and philtrum (about 12 inches)
B. Type B - 15cm between fist and navel
C. Type C - 10cm between hands and abdomen
D. Type D - 30cm between fist and thigh

7

Diagonal Stance - Sasun Sogi

1. Full or side facing in attack and defense
2. Useful for shifting into a walking stance without moving foot
3. Sitting stance except the heel o the front foot is placed on the same line with the toes of the rear foot
4. Used for attacking and defending against the front or rear
5. Advanced foot determines stance

8

Fixed Stance - Gojung Sogi

1. Facing: always half-facing
2. Length: 1 1/2 shoulder from reverse footsword of back foot to tip of toes on front foot (between toes)
3. Width: Same as L-stance - 1 inch (2.5cm) from the heel of the rear foot to the reverse footsword of the front foot
4. Weight ratio - 50/50
5. Effective for attack and defense to the side
6. Advanced foot determines stance

9

L-Stance - Niunja Sogi

1. Facing: half-facing in defense and attack
2. Length: 1 1/2 shoulder from footsword of the rear foot to the toes of the front foot
3. Width: 1 inch (2.5cm) from the heel of the rear foot to the reverse footsword of the front foot
4. Weight Ration: 70 on rear leg/30 on front leg - the leg with the most weight determines right or left stance
5. Keep hips aligned with inner knee joint
6. front foot is ready for kicking with slight shifting of body weight
7. Advantage - half-facing, slight body weight shifting
8. Toes of both feet - 15 degrees inward

10

L-Ready Stance - Niunja Junbi Sogi

1. Facing: half-facing in defense and attack
2. Length: 1 1/2 shoulder from footsword of the rear foot to the toes of the front foot
3. Width: 1 inch (2.5cm) from the heel of the rear foot to the reverse footsword of the front foot
4. Weight Ration: 70 on rear leg/30 on front leg - the leg with the most weight determines right or left stance
5. Keep hips aligned with inner knee joint
6. Front foot is ready for kicking with slight shifting of body weight
7. Advantage - half-facing, slight body weight shifting
8. Toes of both feet - 15 degrees inward

11

Low Stance - Nachuo Sogi

1. Facing can be full facing or half facing in attack and defense
2. Length: 1 1/2 shoulders + 1 foot from big toe to big toe (1 1/2 shoulder from big toes of back to heel of front)
3. Width: 1 shoulder from center of the insteps
4. Weight Ratio: 50/50
5. Front toes straight, opposite toes 25 degrees outward (over this weakens leg joint against an attack from the rear)
6. Tense the muscles of the feet with the feeling of pulling them toward each other
7. Bent leg determines stance
8. Advantage - ease of which one can extend the attacking tool
9. Develop leg muscles
10. Effective to adjust distance to and from target

12

One-leg Stance - Waebal Sogi

1. Full or side facing in attack and defense
2. Balance exercise
3. Sometimes used in attack and defense techniques
4. Stretch the stationary leg and bring the other reverse footsword on the knee joint or instep to the hollow
5. Leg standing on determines the stance

13

Open Stance - Palja Sogi

1. Full or side facing
2. Are seldom used to to the looseness of the leg muscles and lack of stability
3. Toes are pointing
A. Inner Open Stance - An Palja Sogi - toes are slightly inward
B. Outer Open Stance - Bakat Palja Sogi - toes are outward about 45 degrees

14

Open Ready Stance- Palja Junbi Sogi

1. Open stance with both fists brought naturally over the thighs
2. Seldom used due to the looseness of the body and muscles

15

Parallel Stance- Narani Sogi

1. Facing: full or side facing
2. Length: 0
3. Width: 1 shoulder from footsword to footsword
4. Weight Ratio: 50/50
5. Keep toes pointing toward the front

16

Parallel Ready Stance

1. Parallel stance with fist brought naturally over the abdomen
2. Distance between the fist -5cm
3. Distance between fist and abdomen- 7cm
4. Distance between elbows and floating ribs- 10cm
5. Do not extend the elbow to the side any more than is necessary
6. Hold the upper arms forward 30 degrees while bending the forearms 40 degrees upward

17

Ready Stance - Junbi Sogi

1. Parallel, Walking, Sitting, L-, X-, Close, and Bending
2. Used in fundamental and pattern exercises - exclusively
3. Not a direct part of any action
4. Positions a person before he begins his motion or allow time for concentration of spirit

18

Rear Foot Stance- Dwitbal Sogi

1. Half-facing in attack and defense
2. Used for defense and occasionally attack
3. Length: 1 shoulder between small toes
4. Weight ratio: most of weight on rear foot
5. Bend rear leg- knee over toes, placing the heel slightly beyond the heel of the front foot
6. Bend front leg, touch ground slightly with ball of foot
7. Front toes 25 degrees, rear toes 15 degrees inward
8. Knee of rear leg points slightly inward
9. Rear foot determines stance
10. Advantage - ability to kick or adjust the distance from the opponent with the front foot which can move spontaneously without shifting the body weight

19

Sitting Stance- Annun Sogi

1. Facing: full or side facing in attack and defense
2. Length: 0
3. Width: 1 1/2 shoulders from reverse footsword to reverse footsword (between the big toes) double width weakens and hampers speedy movement
4. Weight ratio - 50/50
5. Toes to front
6. Extend knee outward, bend until knee caps come over the ball of the foot
7. Infuse the strength into inner thighs and tense inward by scraping the ground with the side soles
8. Push both the chest and abdomen out and pull the hip back tensing the abdomen
9. Stable stance for lateral movement
10. Advantage: is to shift into walking stance without moving the foot
11. Used for punching exercise and muscle development of the legs

20

Sitting Ready Stance- Annun Junbi Sogi

1. Primarily used for side stepping exercise
2. Hand position- same as in walking ready stance

21

Vertical Stance- Soojik Sogi

1. Facing: half-facing in attack and defense
2. Length: 1 shoulder from reverse footsword to tip of front toes (foot to either front or side at a distance of 1 shoulder width between the toes
3. Width: 0
4. Weight ratio: 60 rear leg/ 40 front leg
5. Toes of both feet - 15 degrees inward
6. Keep legs straight
7. Rear foot determines stance

22

Walking Stance - Gunnun Sogi

1. Facing can be full facing or half facing in attack and defense
2. Length: 1 1/2 shoulders from big toe to big toe (over this movement is slow and weak against attack from side, and weak against attack from front or rear)
3. Width: 1 shoulder from center of the insteps
4. Weight Ratio: 50/50
5. Bend front leg - knee cap forms a vertical line with heel, extend opposite leg fully
6. Front toes straight, opposite toes 25 degrees outward (over this weakens leg joint against an attack from the rear
7. Tense the muscles of the feet with the feeling of pulling them toward each other
8. Bent leg determines stance
9. Strong stance for front and rear attack and defense

23

Walking Ready Stance - Gunnun Junbi Sogi

1. Distance between fist and thigh 30cm
2. Elbow bent 30 degrees

24

X-Stance - Kyocha Sogi

1. Attacking the side or front in a jumping motion
2. Used for blocking and serves as a preparatory stance for moving into next maneuver
3. Cross one foot over/behind the other, touching the ground slightly with the ball of the foot
4. Weight Ratio: place the body weight on the stationary foot
5. One foot always crosses over the front of the other with the exception of a jumping motion
6. Foot that the weight is on determines the stance
7. Other foot is placed in front of stationary foot
8. Full, side or half facing in attack and defense

25

X-Ready Stance- Kyocha Junbi Sogi

1. Used for blocking and serves as a preparatory stance for moving into next maneuver
2. Cross one foot over/behind the other, touching the ground slightly with the ball of the foot
3. Weight Ratio: place the body weight on the stationary foot
4. One foot always crosses over the front of the other with the exception of a jumping motion
5. Foot that the weight is on determines the stance
6. Other foot is placed in front of stationary foot
7. Full, side or half facing in attack and defense

26

Basic Principles for a Proper Stance

1. Keep back straight, with few exceptions
2. Relax the shoulders
3. Tense the abdomen
4. Maintain a correct facing: full, half , or side
5. Maintain equilibrium
6. Make use of the knee spring properly

27

Controlling factors of a proper stance

1. Stability
2. Agility
3. Balance
4. Flexibility

28

Stance Mould - Sogi Pan

1. Simple model of various stance fixed on a flat board
2. Useful for learning and reinforcing a correct stance
3. Use a mirror as well