Flashcards in Standard 5 - Study Guide Questions Deck (32):
After which war did the US gain control of Guam, Cuba, the Philippines, and Puerto Rico?
How did Social Darwinism contribute to American Imperialism?
a. Belief that Americans were superior to other cultures and had a responsibility to rule those less developed. Americans also wanted to spread Christianity and democracy.
How involved was the us in foreign affairs in the decade immediately after WWI?
Not very! Neutrality laws were passed to keep the US mostly out of foreign affairs.
4. The Roosevelt Corollary was added to what other statements of American foreign policy?
The Monroe Doctrine
What are the reasons the US wanted to create an empire?
Social Darwinism, a desire to get more raw materials, and a need to sell products in new markets
What country was impacted by the Platt Amendment?
What did Alfred Thayer Mahan encourage the United States to do? Why?
Encouraged the US to build a strong navy to build up an empire
What did teddy Roosevelt consider to be America’s “big stick”?
What foreign policy did the us adopt toward south America AFTER WWI?
Good Neighbor Policy – We’ll trade with them, but won’t interfere unless asked
What is considered to be the spark that ignited WWI
The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand
What is yellow journalism?
Journalism using eye-catching headlines to sell papers rather than good investigation
What law was passed during WWI to limit criticism of the war effort?
The Sedition Act
What was “dollar diplomacy”?
President Taft’s promise that American $$ invested in Latin America would be protected by US intervention if needed
What was the “open door” policy in China?
Trade should be open to all countries equally.
What was the initial policy to the us when WWI broke out?
What was the Platt amendment?
An amendment to the Cuban constitution giving the US control over Guantanamo Bay and final control over Cuban laws.
What was the purpose of teddy Roosevelt’s “big stick” policy?
To show that the US was a major world power
What was the Roosevelt corollary to the Monroe doctrine?
The US will be the one to act as a policeman to keep Europe out of the West.
What was Wilson’s main goal at the treaty of Versailles?
To prevent future wars.
What were the main provisions of the treaty of Versailles?
Germany received the blame for WWI and was forced to pay back the other countries of Europe for damages, A League of Nations was Created, New borders were drawn to try to account for the ethnic diversity of Europe
What were the underlying causes of WWI?
Nationalism, militarism, imperialism, & secret treaties between countries
What were Wilson’s “fourteen points”?
His plan to end war by undoing the circumstances that led to the war. (Specifically, freedom of the seas, ending secret treaties, reducing arms, and creating a League of Nations)
Which country originally controlled Panama?
What country was blamed by many for sinking the USS Maine?
Which territory gained after the Spanish-american war immediately began fighting the us for independence?
Why did the Boxer rebellion occur?
Top push American and Western influence out of China
Why did the sinking of the Lusitania anger many Americans?
Over 100 Americans were killed when it was sunk
Why did the us advocate for an “open door” policy in china?
We wanted to trade in China and didn't have any spheres of influence
Why did the US enter WWI?
Germany resumed unrestricted submarine warfare AND sent the Zimmerman Note to try and get Mexico to attack the US.
Why did the US refuse to ratify the treaty of Versailles?
The Senate that the US would give up its sovereignty to other nations if we joined.
Why had the us NOT gotten involved in foreign affairs prior to the 1890s?
George Washington encouraged us not to, we were burdened by serious domestic affairs, limited naval strength