Standard 5 - Vocab Terms Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Standard 5 - Vocab Terms Deck (35):
1

Belief that rich people (like America) are better than those who aren't (like people in developing countries)

Social Darwinism

2

War between Spain & the US that was fought to free Cuba AND add new territories to the US for economic reasons

Spanish-American War

3

New American Territories after Spanish-American War

Guam, Puerto Rico, the Philippines, Wake Island, Cuba

4

Believed that a strong navy would give a country more power in the world

Alfred Thayer Mahan

5

President who practiced "Big Stick Diplomacy" by collecting taxes from Central America to repay Europe

Teddy Roosevelt

6

President during WWI - kept us out of war for 4 years, but then decided to go to war to "make the world safe for democracy"

Woodrow Wilson

7

President who practiced "Dollar Diplomacy"

William Howard Taft

8

Engaging in peaceful negotiations but letting your opponent know you're backed by a strong military - Teddy Roosevelt

Big Stick Diplomacy

9

Taft's plan to encourage American businessmen to invest in Latin America - these investments were backed by the US military

Dollar Diplomacy

10

Wilson's plan to teach the Mexicans to "elect good men"… who supported the United States

Moral Diplomacy

11

Militarism, Alliances, Imperialism, Nationalism and the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand are all causes of...

World War I

12

American ship sunk near Cuba - it was blamed on Spain by the Yellow Journalists, which led the US into the Spanish-American war

USS Maine

13

Journalism that focuses on selling papers through catchy headlines even if the content isn't well supported by facts

Yellow Journalism

14

Letter from the Spanish Ambassador in the US to Spain claiming that President McKinley was weak & wouldn't attack them - this was intercepted by Americans & published in the news

De Lome Letter

15

Note from Germany to Mexico claiming that if Mexico attacked the US, the Germans would help them take back the land they lost in the Mexican War

Zimmerman Note

16

British passenger ship sunk by German U-Boats. Many Americans died, which turned public opinion away from Germany & forced them to abandon unrestricted submarine warfare for years.

Lusitania

17

Supreme Court cases stating that "the Constitution does not follow the flag" - people living in islands we claimed didn't have the same rights as American citizens.

Insular Cases

18

Amendment we added to Cuba's constitution stating that the US could "supervise" them - it also gave us a military base @ Guantanamo Bay

Platt Amendment

19

Canal the US built to shorten the route from the Atlantic to the Pacific. Panama allowed us to build it after we helped them break free from Colombia.

Panama Canal

20

Panama used to be a part of ___________ until they refused to let us build the canal. The US helped Panamanian rebels get their independence so that we could build it.

Colombia

21

The idea that the US would need to enforce the Monroe Doctrine since we were the strongest country in the western hemisphere (Teddy Roosevelt)

Roosevelt Corollary

22

Teddy Roosevelt's fleet that he sent around the world to show how powerful the US was

Great White Fleet

23

Special economic zones in China giving certain countries special trading rights. The US didn't have one, so we suggested that they have an "Open Door Policy"

Spheres of Influence

24

The US suggested that China allow anyone to trade there who wanted to and all would be given the same trading rights.

Open Door Policy

25

Because many Chinese didn't like foreigners interfering in their country, a group called the Boxers rose up and killed many westerners. The Marines led the charge to put down this Rebellion and caused many Chinese to resent us even more.

Boxer Rebellion

26

The political position in which a country does not take sides in the conflicts of other countries. After WWI, many Americans wanted this.

Neutrality

27

Law making it illegal for citizens to speak out against the government's war effort during WWI.

Sedition Act

28

Wilson's suggestions at the Versailles Conference to end the things that led the world into WWI - this included the League of Nations

Fourteen Points

29

Wilson's suggested international organization that would try to solve problems between countries before they resulted in war

League of Nations

30

Republicans in the Senate were afraid that joining the __________________ would weaken America's sovereignty. They voted it down and the US made a separate peace treaty with Germany to end the war.

League of Nations

31

President after Wilson - promised a "return to normalcy" after the age of "new imperialism" and WWI.

Warren G. Harding

32

America's policy of helping Latin America only when they needed it. (after WWI)

Good Neighbor Policy

33

Germany's policy of sinking any boat it thought was supplying their enemy without warning. They promised to stop this after sinking the Lusitania, but started again toward the end of the war. This was one reason the US entered the war in 1917.

Unrestricted Submarine Warfare

34

Countries in the eastern hemisphere shouldn't attempt to interfere with the affairs of the western hemisphere and vice versa

Monroe Doctrine

35

Peace conference between the WWI's allies to end the war.

Versailles Conference