Standard 5 - Vocab Terms Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Standard 5 - Vocab Terms Deck (35):

Belief that rich people (like America) are better than those who aren't (like people in developing countries)

Social Darwinism


War between Spain & the US that was fought to free Cuba AND add new territories to the US for economic reasons

Spanish-American War


New American Territories after Spanish-American War

Guam, Puerto Rico, the Philippines, Wake Island, Cuba


Believed that a strong navy would give a country more power in the world

Alfred Thayer Mahan


President who practiced "Big Stick Diplomacy" by collecting taxes from Central America to repay Europe

Teddy Roosevelt


President during WWI - kept us out of war for 4 years, but then decided to go to war to "make the world safe for democracy"

Woodrow Wilson


President who practiced "Dollar Diplomacy"

William Howard Taft


Engaging in peaceful negotiations but letting your opponent know you're backed by a strong military - Teddy Roosevelt

Big Stick Diplomacy


Taft's plan to encourage American businessmen to invest in Latin America - these investments were backed by the US military

Dollar Diplomacy


Wilson's plan to teach the Mexicans to "elect good men"… who supported the United States

Moral Diplomacy


Militarism, Alliances, Imperialism, Nationalism and the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand are all causes of...

World War I


American ship sunk near Cuba - it was blamed on Spain by the Yellow Journalists, which led the US into the Spanish-American war

USS Maine


Journalism that focuses on selling papers through catchy headlines even if the content isn't well supported by facts

Yellow Journalism


Letter from the Spanish Ambassador in the US to Spain claiming that President McKinley was weak & wouldn't attack them - this was intercepted by Americans & published in the news

De Lome Letter


Note from Germany to Mexico claiming that if Mexico attacked the US, the Germans would help them take back the land they lost in the Mexican War

Zimmerman Note


British passenger ship sunk by German U-Boats. Many Americans died, which turned public opinion away from Germany & forced them to abandon unrestricted submarine warfare for years.



Supreme Court cases stating that "the Constitution does not follow the flag" - people living in islands we claimed didn't have the same rights as American citizens.

Insular Cases


Amendment we added to Cuba's constitution stating that the US could "supervise" them - it also gave us a military base @ Guantanamo Bay

Platt Amendment


Canal the US built to shorten the route from the Atlantic to the Pacific. Panama allowed us to build it after we helped them break free from Colombia.

Panama Canal


Panama used to be a part of ___________ until they refused to let us build the canal. The US helped Panamanian rebels get their independence so that we could build it.



The idea that the US would need to enforce the Monroe Doctrine since we were the strongest country in the western hemisphere (Teddy Roosevelt)

Roosevelt Corollary


Teddy Roosevelt's fleet that he sent around the world to show how powerful the US was

Great White Fleet


Special economic zones in China giving certain countries special trading rights. The US didn't have one, so we suggested that they have an "Open Door Policy"

Spheres of Influence


The US suggested that China allow anyone to trade there who wanted to and all would be given the same trading rights.

Open Door Policy


Because many Chinese didn't like foreigners interfering in their country, a group called the Boxers rose up and killed many westerners. The Marines led the charge to put down this Rebellion and caused many Chinese to resent us even more.

Boxer Rebellion


The political position in which a country does not take sides in the conflicts of other countries. After WWI, many Americans wanted this.



Law making it illegal for citizens to speak out against the government's war effort during WWI.

Sedition Act


Wilson's suggestions at the Versailles Conference to end the things that led the world into WWI - this included the League of Nations

Fourteen Points


Wilson's suggested international organization that would try to solve problems between countries before they resulted in war

League of Nations


Republicans in the Senate were afraid that joining the __________________ would weaken America's sovereignty. They voted it down and the US made a separate peace treaty with Germany to end the war.

League of Nations


President after Wilson - promised a "return to normalcy" after the age of "new imperialism" and WWI.

Warren G. Harding


America's policy of helping Latin America only when they needed it. (after WWI)

Good Neighbor Policy


Germany's policy of sinking any boat it thought was supplying their enemy without warning. They promised to stop this after sinking the Lusitania, but started again toward the end of the war. This was one reason the US entered the war in 1917.

Unrestricted Submarine Warfare


Countries in the eastern hemisphere shouldn't attempt to interfere with the affairs of the western hemisphere and vice versa

Monroe Doctrine


Peace conference between the WWI's allies to end the war.

Versailles Conference