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Flashcards in Standard 7 - Review Terms for Brainscape Deck (67):
1

Countries in Eastern Europe between Russia and Gemany that Russia wanted to become Communist. In their minds, this would have prevented another German invasion of Russia

"Buffer States"

2

American fear of Communists infiltrating the US government & movie industry in the 1950's

2nd Red Scare

3

Dividing line between N & S Korea

38th Parallel

4

AA Leader who threatened to march on Washington if FDR didn't do something to help black people get jobs during the Great Depression

A Philip Randolph

5

Country invaded by Russia so that it could have a friendly neighbor on its southern border. The US helped a group fight against the Communists - this group later supported terrorism against the US

Afghanistan

6

Term for anti-Jewish feelings.

Anti-Semitism

7

Europe's policy of allowing Hitler to take over some countries in the hope that he wouldn't take over any others

Appeasement

8

Term for the large increase in babies born after WWII until the early 1960's.

Baby Boom

9

Air battle where Britain defended itself against Nazi bombings intended to keep Britain out of WWII

Battle of Britain

10

The last German effort to keep the Allies from invading Germany

Battle of the Bulge

11

JFK's attempt to send Cuban refugees into Cuba to take the country back from Castro. It failed and most of the men were sent to Cuban prisons.

Bay of Pigs

12

Period when the US flew supplies into West Berlin when the Russians had blockaded it.

Berlin Airlift

13

Barrier built between East and West Berlin to keep people on the Communist side from escaping to the West. It was torn down in the late 80's.

Berlin Wall

14

Woman who wrote The Feminine Mystique and is credited with launching the feminist movement

Betty Freidan

15

Terms for the main allies in WWII - The US, England, and Russia

Big Three

16

The peace agreement worked out between the leaders of Isreal and Egypt with help from Jimmy Carter

Camp David Accords

17

American policy at the beginning of WWII stating that we would sell weapons to anyone who could pay up front and would transport them back to their own countries

Cash and Carry

18

Communist leader of Cuba who overthrew the American-supported dictator in the late 1950's.

Castro

19

This country - the most populated in the world - became Communist in 1949

China

20

Period of political, economic, and ideological disagreement between the US & Russia from 1945-1992

Cold War

21

Event when Russia installed nuclear weapons in Cuba & JFK worked to get them removed. This was the closest the US & Russia ever came to actual war during the Cold War.

Cuban Missile Crisis

22

Code name given to the day when Allied forces invaded the beaches of Normandy, France to liberate Europe from the Nazis.

D-Day

23

American policy at the beginning of WWII in which we gave old American ships to England to help fight Germany in exchange for military bases around the world.

Destroyers for Bases

24

Eisenhower's idea that the US had to keep Russia from influencing events in the Middle East because of how dependent we had become on oil

Eisenhower Doctrine

25

Betty Freidan's book that is credited with beginning the Women's Right's movement in the 1960's.

Feminine Mystique

26

The systematic destruction of an entire group of people (such as the Jews in WWII)

Genocide

27

Law that gave veterans easy access to loans and paid for their college education

GI Bill

28

Larger than the A-Bomb, this pushed the Arms Race to a new level.

H-Bomb

29

Leader of the Nazis in WWII

Hitler

30

Specific name given to Hitler's attempt to destroy all the Jews in Europe during WWII

Holocaust

31

Group of people that Americans sent to internment camps during WWII in the American west

Japanese

32

The US supported a leader in this country who was so unpopular that his own people forced him out, then took a number of captives in the American Embassy there for 444 days.

Iran

33

Winston Churchill's name for the division of Europe between Communist and non-Communist sections

Iron Curtain

34

The US strategy of moving across the Pacific one island at a time until we were close enough to Japan to launch an invasion (WWII)

Island Hopping

35

These were two of the final battles in the Pacific during WWII - In both, the Japanese demonstrated that they would fight to the last man.

Iwo Jima & Okinawa

36

The US got involved in a "Police action" in this country in the early 1950's to keep Communism from spreading. This country was ultimately divided into two halves - one Communist and one democratic.

Korea

37

The Night marking the beginning of the Holocaust when Germans attacked Jews and burned their homes, businesses, and places of worship.

Kritallnacht

38

American policy at the beginning of WWII in which we let our allies borrow weapons to fight Germany on credit.

Lend-Lease

39

Japan invaded this part of China in the 1930's and committed unspeakable atrocities against its people.

Manchuria

40

Battle marking the turning point in the Pacific against the Japanese during WWII. After this battle, we were on the offensive.

Midway

41

Fascist Italian leader during WWII.

Mussolini

42

Law passed in the 1950's that encouraged students to take more math & Science classes

National Defense Education Act

43

Group of allied countries originally formed to fight against the spread of Communism during the Cold War

NATO

44

Laws passed in the US in the 1930's to keep us out of any wars in Europe

Neutrality Acts

45

Laws passed in Germany in the 1930's forbidding the intermingling of Germans and Jews

Nuremburg Laws

46

Trials in Germany after WWII in which Nazi leaders who carried out the Holocaust were convicted of their crimes.

Nuremburg War Crimes Trials

47

Code name given to the Allied invasion of Northern Africa to keep the Nazis from getting oil in the Middle East & to retake the Mediterranean Sea

Operation Torch

48

This country was created after WWII to give the Jews an official homeland - their first since AD 70.

Israel

49

Site bombed by Japan before WWII in an attempt to keep the US out of war.

Pearl Harbor

50

Term used for limits placed on how much people could buy during WWII to ensure there was enough for the war effort

Rationing

51

Poster depicting a strong working female used to encourage women to join the workforce during WWII

Rosie the Riveter

52

Senator who led the "witch hunt" for Communists in Hollywood and the government in the 1950's.

Senator Joseph McCarthy

53

Term for the scientific competition between the US & Russia to be the first to reach the moon

Space Race

54

First manmade satellite in oribit around the Earth - It was Russian

Sputnik

55

Battle that marked the turning point in the conflict between the Russians & Germany in WWII - After this battle, the Russians pushed into Germany

Stalingrad

56

Area around cities that grew as the highway system grew, people wanted to avoid city life, and more people had access to home loans and automobiles

Suburbs

57

Japanese military leader during WWII

Tojo

58

Form of government in which in individual or group of people has total control over every aspect of life within the country

Totalitarianism

59

Truman's teaching that Communism should be "contained" wherever it existed

Truman Doctrine

60

People during WWII were encouraged to plant these at home to ensure there was enough food for the war effort

Victory Gardens

61

People were encouraged to buy these during WWII to provide the government with money to fight the war

War Bonds

62

Group of allied countries originally formed to fight against NATO if it attacked the Communist countries of the world during the Cold War

Warsaw Pact

63

Term for workers who work primarily in offices with their minds, rather than their hands

White Collar

64

Term for workers who work primarily in manual labor tasks with their hands rather than their minds.

Blue Collar

65

Term for the phenomenon when many white people left cities for the suburbs in order to get away from large numbers of AA's moving into cities

White Flight

66

Harry Truman used this on Japan so that the US didn't have to lose a large number of men in a potential land invasion

A Bomb

67

Event in which many Mexicans were beaten in LA because of their "un-American" clothing.

Zoot Suit Riots