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Flashcards in Standard 6 - Study Guide Questions Deck (32):
1

How did the New Deal change American Government?

It was the first time the government took responsibility for ensuring prosperity

2

Under the New Deal, more regulations were placed on ______________ and _________________.

Agriculture and Manufacturing

3

What grew in both size and importance as a result of the New Deal?

The Federal Government

4

Name some of the programs started during the New Deal

AAA, FDIC, CCC, WPA (There are others, too)

5

During what period did women first start working jobs that had been held exclusively by men?

WWI

6

Most people see the _________________ as the official beginning of the Great Depression

Stock Market Crash of 1929 (Black Tuesday)

7

How did the KKK change during the 1920's?

It advertised openly, spread to other parts of the country, and started crusading against immigrants, Catholics, and Communists.

8

Why did the KKK start to lose credibility in the late 1920's?

A number of leaders were caught up in sex scandals, which made people realize they weren't as "moral" as they claimed

9

What effect did the tariffs of the late 1920's have?

Americans didn't buy foreign goods, so other countries passed tariffs on Americans goods and stopped purchasing our goods. Trade between countries slowed greatly.

10

When the sale of alcohol was prohibited in the US, who began controlling the alcohol trade?

Organized criminal networks / the mafia / Men like Al Capone

11

Why were fewer immigrants admitted into the US during the 1920's and 1930's?

The government placed quotas on the number of immigrants to could enter the country

12

How did the Great Depression impact families?

Marriages, birth rates, and divorces dropped. 25 % were out of work.

13

What event outside of the US made Americans fear that the US could become Communist?

The Communist Revolution in Russia

14

Why is the Harlem Renaissance considered significant?

It was the first time that the country as a whole was presented with a view of the African-American experience; It also helped break down racial barriers

15

What was the unemployment rate in the US during the Great Depression?

25%

16

What factors led to the Dust Bowl?


Overfarming, overgrazing, extreme drought


17

Who was the President at the beginning of the Great Depression?

Herbert Hoover

18

What inventions allowed people to live in suburbs rather than in the hearts of cities?

Cars, streetcars, bridges, subways, etc.

19

The FDIC was created to restore people's faith in _________.

Banks

20

What was the unemployment rate for African Americans during the Depression?

Nearly 50%

21

During the 1920's, what did the Federal Reserve do to interest rates and why was this bad?

It reduced them. This caused more people to go out and buy on credit - even people who didn't have the money to repay it!

22

During the 1930's, what did the Federal Reserve do to interest rates, and why was this bad?

It increased them. This made it very unlikely for people to borrow and spend money, so no new spending was happening and the economy slowed WAAAY down.

23

The Platt Amendment gave the US control over which other country?


Cuba


24

What was the "Big Stick" in Teddy Roosevelt's "Big Stick Diplomacy?"

The US Navy

25

What Civil War battle gave the Union control over the Mississippi River?

Vicksburg

26

What group was angry with Andrew Johnson for going easy on former Confederate officials?

The Radical Republicans

27

Booker T. Washington was most well known for starting what?

The Tuskeegee Institute

28

The Populist Party represented the interests of what group of people in the late 1800's?

Farmers

29

What was added to the Constitution to protect states and individuals from the abuse of power by the federal government?

The Bill of Rights

30

Why did the American colonists resent British taxes?

They didn't have any say in them - the colonists wanted to be represented!

31

Why was Roger Williams banished from Massachusetts?

He had been teaching that there should be a separation between church and state

32

What President claimed the Mexico invaded US territory and killed Americans so that he could get approval to go to war with Mexico and take land from them?

James K. Polk