Who invented the stethoscope?
What is used for high pitch sounds?
What is used for low pitch?
What depth should the esophageal stethoscope be placed for good heart sounds?
What is this?
skin temperature probe
What area will give core temperature?
At what temp is autoregulation lost and is the lower limit of survival?
24 - 28*C
74 - 82*F
Skin temperature contributes about ___% control for both shivering and vasodilation.
No thermoregulatory response is initiated when the core temp is between sweating and active vasodilation. This is known as what range?
interthreshold range which is about 0.2*C
What are major complications of hypothermia? (6)
Morbid cardiac events
Duration of post recovery
Mortaility after major trauma
What are the benefits after mild hypothermia?
Glasgow outcome score 1 year after trauma (1-3/4-5)
Good neuro outcome after cardiac surgery
Spinal anesthesia _____ sweating threshold but _____ thresholds for shivering and vasoconstriction.
How much can anesthesia decrease temp within the first hour?
Placing a thermal blanket over the patient immediately after induction results in only_____ Watts of heat loss.
How much can esophageal temp vary?
How far below the central incisors should the probe be placed for monitoring temp?
38 - 42 cm
Cooling and rewarming occurs most rapidly in the ____.
Rewarming occurs most rapidly in the _____.
2 L of fluid at 21*C changes temp by how much?
4 L of fluid at 21*C changes body temp by?
4 L at 4*C changes body temp by?
General anesthetics decrease thresholds for vasoconstriction and shivering by 2-3*C. True or false?