STIs and tropical diseases Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in STIs and tropical diseases Deck (25):
1

dysuria =

painful urination

2

pyuria =

pus in the urine

3

pneumaturia =

air bubbles in the urine

4

Hepatitis viruses that are STIs

Hep A, B and C

5

40% of people with gonorrhea also have ___

chlamydia

6

Tests for gonorrhea =

urethral swab - microscopy
blood culture
PCR

7

coffee bean shaped diplococci that is gram -ve

Neisseria gonorrhea

8

transmission of Neisseria gonorrhea and chlamydia trachomatis is by ___

direct contact of mucosa surfaces

9

Incubation period for gonorrhea =
treatment =

5-10 days
ceftriaxone 500mg IM immediately
doxycycline 100mg bds for a wk

10

Signs of gonorrhea (and chlamydia - but is milder)

low abdo pain
rectal bleeding
anal discharge
tenesmus
may lead to abscess and makes more susceptible to HIV

11

treatment for chlamydia trachomatis

azithromycin immediately
doxycycline for a wk

12

the mimicker disease

syphilis

13

primary presentation of syphilis =
2ndry=

solitary painless ulcer
2ndry - mucosal patches and ulcers in mouth, anogenital and rectal - raised edge and snail track
condylomata lata (rash between butt cheeks)
systemic inflam
may cause hepatitis

14

transmission of herpes simplex virus and HPV=

ano-genital/oro-anal

15

symptoms and signs of herpes simplex virus

pain, ulcers, painful defaecation, bleeding, mucus, viraemic symptoms

16

HPV signs=

genital/ anal warts, neoplasms

17

Lymphogranuloma venereum is spread by

men w men
group sex
drug use
syphilis and HIV associated

18

Primary 2ndry and tertiary presentation of lymphogranuloma venereum

1) ulcer (3-30 days)
2) inguinal and ano-rectal syndrome (3-6 months)
3) strictures, fistulae, genital elephantitis

19

If diagnosed with LGV should also test for

HIV, Hep. C, syphilis etc.

20

HIV needs ___ to get into blood

CD4+ T cells

21

HIV has a great effect on the GI tract because ___ presents with ___

GALT is largest immune compartment
diarrhoea

22

dysentery =

infection of intestines causing blood and mucus in diarrhoea

23

Salmonella typhi/paratyphi are common in ___ (geog)

India
SE Asia

24

Typhoid and parathyphoid patients must be ___

isolated

25

Eosinophilia is commonly associated with ___ infections

Parasitic