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Flashcards in Stomatitis/Glossitis Deck (38):
1

Inflammation of the tongue is known as what?

Glossitis

2

Which is the more common cause of stomatitis/glossitis: viral or bacterial?

Viral

3

What are 2 feline viruses that cause oral lesions?

- Feline rhinotracheitis virus
- Feline calici virus

4

What are 3 viruses that may result in stomatitis?

- Canine distemper
- CAV
- Feline panleukopenia

5

What are 2 feline viruses that are commonly associated with chronic recurrent stomatitis?

- Feline leukemia virus
- Feline Immunodeficiency virus

6

What metabolic condition can lead to stomatitis/glossitis where the primary irritation is thought to result from ammonia produced by bacterial action on the urea in the saliva of a uremic animal?

Uremia

7

What metabolic condition can lead to stomatitis/glossitis in association with immunosuppression and secondary infection?

Cushing's disease

8

What metabolic condition can lead to stomatitis/glossitis due to reduced resistance to disease?

Diabetes mellitus

9

Glossitis/stomatitis may develop secondary to the erosion or ulceration of what?

Oral neoplasms

10

What are 4 auto-immune diseases that can, but rarely, cause stomatitis/glossitis?

- Pemphigus vulgaris/erythematosus
- Bullous pemphigoid
- Systemic lupus erythmatosus
- Discoid lupus erythmatosus

11

What is idiopathic stomatitis also known as?

Recurrent necrotising stomatitis

12

What dog breed is recurrent necrotising stomatitis seen in?

Maltese

13

What does CUPS stand for?

Canine Ulcerative Paradontal Syndrome

14

A possibly immune-mediated excessive inflammatory reaction to bacterial antigens in dental plaque is known as what?

Recurrent necrotising stomatitis

15

What is the etiology of lymphoplasmacytic stomatitis of cats?
What type of mechanism is suspected?

- Unknown
- Immunologic mechanism

16

What is an example of a plant that may cause oral disease when chewed on by a dog?

Dieffenbachia

17

What are 3 possible clinical signs that can be seen with stomatitis/glossitis?

- Anorexia
- Ptyalism
- Halitosis

18

What is usually the reason behind anorexia seen with stomatitis/glossitis?

Anorexia due to pain

19

What are 4 possible appearances of saliva seen with stomatitis/glossitis?

- Thick "ropey" saliva
- Serosanguinous
- Purulent
- Malodorous

20

Malodorous breath is known as what?

Halitosis

21

What are 2 metabolic conditions that can display very distinct forms of halitosis?

- Diabetes mellitus
- Uremia

22

What is an important differential for halitosis?
Especially in what breed?

- Lipfold dermatitis
- Spaniels

23

Erosion or ulceration can be seen mainly on mucosal surfaces in contact with the teeth in what condition?

Recurrent necrotizing stomatitis

24

Large ulcerations on the tongue and other mucus membranes of the mouth can be seen with what syndrome?
What is another name for this?
This is associated with what virus?

- Feline upper respiratory syndrome
- Snuffles
- Feline Calici virus

25

Which lymph nodes can be enlarged with stomatitis/glossitis?

Submandibular lymph nodes

26

To perform a thorough examination of the mouth, what might need to be done to the patient?

Sedation or anesthesia

27

What are 6 aspects of the oral cavity that should be examined closely?

- Gingival surfaces
- Lingual surfaces
- Pharynx
- Hard palate
- Soft palate
- Teeth

28

What are 3 procedures that can be used to evaluate the types and proportion of microflora present with stomatitis/glossitis?

- Wet smears
- Impression smears
- Superficial scrapings

29

Biopsies for histopathology are often taken when what is suspected?

Oral neoplasia

30

Immuno-fluorescent antibody tests (IFA) are used when what are the suspected cause of glossitis/stomatitis?

Auto-immune diseases

31

What is a major problem with bacterial cultures and antibiograms for stomatitis/glossitis?

Most of the bacteria present are opportunistic and have little to do with the primary etiology.

32

What should be evaluated if uremia is a suspected cause of stomatitis/glossitis?
If Diabetes mellitus is suspected?

- Blood urea/creatinine
- Urine and/or blood glucose

33

What 2 types of drugs can be given in severe cases of stomatitis/glossitis to alleviate inflammation and pain?
What needs to be done first?

- Analgesics and anti-inflammatories
- Evaluate hydration status and rule out renal failure first.

34

Systemic antimicrobial therapy is most effective for what type of bacteria?

Anaerobes

35

What are 2 types of synthetic penicillins that can be given to treat stomatitis/glossitis?

- Amoxycillin
- Amoxycillin and clavulanic acid

36

What are 2 other types of antibiotics besides synthetic penicillins that can be used to treat stomatitis/glossitis?

- Clindamycin
- Metronidazole

37

How long should antimicrobials be given for?

Minimum of 21 days

38

Inflammation of the oral mucosa is known as what?

Stomatitis