Strain - crime and deviance Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Strain - crime and deviance Deck (11):
1

Who came up with strain theory?

Merton

2

Why did Merton believe The American Dream helped to cause strain?

It provided social norms and goals which weren't possible for everyone to attain easily

3

How does Merton's idea of anomie differ to Durkheim's?

Durkheim focused on the lack of or breakdown of social rules and norms whereas Merton focuses on presence of norms and how people react when struggling to reach them.

4

Who came up with the illegitimate opportunity structure?

Cloward and Ohlin

5

Who came up with general strain theory?

Robert Agnew

6

What are the five responses to strain

1. Conformity
2. Innovation
3. Rebellion
4. Ritualism
5. Retreatism

7

What is conformity?

The person accepts the goals and the legitimate means of attaining them (despite the strain)

8

What is innovation?

The person accepts the goals, but finds illegitimate means of attaining them

9

What is Rebellion?

Rejects social goals and replaces them with new, different goals

10

What is ritualism?

The individual gives up trying to achieve the goals but follows the rules for their own sake

11

What is retreatism?

Rejects goals and means of getting them - drop outs