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Flashcards in Durkheim - sociological theory Deck (14):

Outline the key features of a mechanical society

- rural/county
- role of life handed down to you
- religion had a strong hold/provided ethics
- uniform way of life
- crime seen as a violation of group norms
- punitive/visible justice


Outline the key features of an organic society

- city/urban societies
- complex forms of work
- crime seen as a violation of individual rights
- reparative justice
- more individual
- more diverse


Why do conflicts in society (e.g class conflicts) arise?

They arise from incomplete realisation of the move from mechanical to organic solidarity/society. This contrasts to Marx's view that conflicts are inherent in capitalists belief systems


What are the three abnormal forms of the division of labour?

1. anomic
2. forced
3. poorly coordinated


What are the two types of social fact?

1. material (e.g technologies/our built environment)
2. non-material (e.g morality)


What are the four types of suicide?

1. altruistic
2. anomic
3. fatalistic
3. egoistic


Which type of suicide is based on too much integration?



Which type of suicide is based on too little integration?



Which type of suicide is based on too much regulation?



Which type of suicide is based on not enough regulation?



What are the key criticisms of Durkheim's view on suicide?

- official statistics aren't wholly reliable
- elimination of individual variables
- lack of awareness of the potential social construction of official statistics
- no measures of attempted suicides


Outline Durkheim's views put forward in Elementary forms of religious life (4)

- study of religious practices in Australian and North American tribal groups
- believed there was something social (rather than supernatural) about religious practice
- interested in the structural and organisational aspects of religion
- people believe that God is superior. Durkheim believes that it is actually society which is the superior being. God is only standing in for the social needs of the individuals


According to Durkheim, what are all religions premised on?

The relationship between the sacred and the profound


What is collective effervescence?

When a group of individuals come together to perform a religious ritual/participate in the same action. This can help influence processes of change.