Flashcards in Symbolic interactionism Deck (19):
Is symbolic interactionism a micro or macro perspective?
Is symbolic interactionism a bottom up or top down perspective?
Bottom up (society and social oder is created and maintained though repeated interactions)
Who came up with symbolic interactionism?
Herbert Blumer (1900-1987)
What were Blumer's three core principles?
1. Actions have meanings
2. Meanings derive from social interaction
3. Meanings are modified though an interpretive process during encounters
What is the interpretive process?
how one interprets a situation - this is based on your perception of others, your own background, experiences and mood
What is a symbol?
- a socially constructed sign
- meanings that are socially shared and undersign
- evoke a responce
Who came up with the term 'significant symbol'?
What is a significant symbol?
Anything with a shared meaning to a group of people (e.g gestures). However, meanings are socially situated and change over time. Also, meanings are socially shared but interpretation depends on the context/situation.
What is a social object?
a goal - reached through actions
What is an act?
a meaningful unit of conduct, oriented towards an object or goal)
What is 'interaction order'?
Wider structure of moral order, shared norm expectations
Outline Mead's 'I' and 'Me'
'I' = impulsive behaviour
'Me' = taking into account the perspective of the other
What is the looking glass self?
We imagine how we appear to others and we imagine their reaction to our appearance. This results in an emotion being created (a self feeling)
Who came up with the looking glass self?
According to Goffman, what is a total institution?
an institution where someone becomes enclosed in the environment and the institution becomes their whole world
Outline Hamlett and Hawkins (2013) study of Victorian asylums
- own clothing taken away and people are issued with standard dress = loss of identity (institutionalised identity)
- chance for agency or resistance: customising clothing, shaving, making jewellery
- jewellery, watches, glasses etc. all part of 'identity kits'
Outline Scott's 5 features of the self/identity
The self is:
How does Hoschild critique Goffman?
Argues that we manage our inner emotions not just our outer appearance