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Flashcards in Street Shoe Options Deck (24)
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1

What are the 8 different parts that make up the shoe anatomy?

1. Heel Counter
2. Upper
3. Topline
4. Vamp
5. Shank Area
6. Insole
7. Lining
8. Outsole

2

Stiff piece of material at the heel of a shoe positioned between the lining and upper that helps maintain the shape of the shoe. The counter helps strengthen the rear of the shoe.

Heel counter

3

The entire part of the shoe that covers the foot
Material is leather, synthetic, or stretchable

. Upper

4

The top edge of the upper

Topline

5

The front section of a shoe's upper, which typically stretches from the toe to the middle of the foot, where it meets the back part or quarter.

Vamp

6

A piece of metal inserted between the sole and the insole lying against the arch of the foot.

. Shank

7

: A layer of material that sits inside the shoe that creates a layer between the sole and the wearer’s foot., adds comfort for the wearer

Insole

8

Most shoes include a lining on the inside of the shoe, around the vamp and quarter. These linings improve comfort, and can help increase the lifespan of the shoe.

Linings

9

The exposed part of the sole that is in contact with the ground. As with all parts of the shoe, outsoles are made from a variety of materials

Outsole

- The properties the outsole needs are: grip, durability, and water resistance

10

Women's shoes ____ sizes smaller than men's for the same given size

1 ½-2

11

When comparing the same shoe style, a half size larger will be ___ inch longer

A width wider will be ____ at the plantar surface and a total of ___ in circumference

1/6
1/16
1/8

12

A ____ is made of wood or plastic and is what gives the shoe its overall fit

Last

13

The last Determines …

Toe Shape
Toe Depth
Arch Shape
Heel Fit

14

Depth Inlay Shoes, ___ Added to depth of shoe
Double Depth Shoes,___ Added to depth of shoe

¼”
½”

15

control supination and pronation forces in the rearfoot

Heel wedges

16

Usually added laterally to shoe
Extension of outer sole
Limits excessive rearfoot supination

Flares

17

Usually placed on medial edge of outsole and upper which supports the talonavicular joint at midstance
Used to control moderate pronatory forces

Stabilizers

18

Added to entire medial side of shoe to forefoot
Used for severe pronation, such as in late stage posterior tibial tendon dysfunction

Butress

19

Diffuses pressure of metatarsal heads

Metatarsal bar

20

________reduce energy consumption as they propel the body forward after the center of gravity has passed over the apex of

Rocker soles

21

______ Rockers -->Reduce ground reactive forces to the metatarsal heads, inhibit demand for dorsiflexion at the MTP joints and assist at toe off.

Forefoot rockers-

22

rockers--Lessen the demand for motion in the ankle joint and reduce impact at heel strike

Rearfoot rockers-

23

_______ sole--This sole has no flat spot in the midfoot. There is a gentle curve from heel to toe. It allows the patient to roll through from delayed heel strike to toe off. Used in conjunction with a sole stiffener, this will prevent any flexion of the foot, but some patients may find it unstable.

Roller sole

24

Used for limb length discrepancy greater than ½”

Lifts