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Flashcards in Strip Shopping Centers Deck (37):

Strip Shopping Center refers to commercial occupancies that are:

-joined by party walls or fire walls
-covered by a common roof
-occupied by a variety of business
-accessed by an individual exterior entrance on the first floor


Fire Flow Estimate for Strip Shopping Center?

20 GPM per 100sq ft.


Construction History of Strip Shopping Centers

Most built during the last 30-40 years are noncombustible construction, those built prior to this time are typically ordinary construction



The are located above the ceiling and below the roof deck, in strip shopping centers it is not unusually to find the cockloft exposed in the rear storage area


Roof Construction of Strip Shopping Centers Built of Ordinary Construction

roof deck will be tongue and groove boards or plywood sheating, the roof covering is typically "built up" where a bituminous (asphalt-containing) material is laid directly over the wood and covered with roofing felt, then sealed with hot tar, and covered in gravel


Roof Construction of a Strip Shopping Center of non-combustible construction

roof assemblies supported by steel bar joists, the roof deck may be corrugated metal with a layer of insulation covered by tar paper and roofing tar or a rubber membrane. Below the bar joist in the retail area will be a fire-rated drop ceiling. Lightweight concrete roofs are also common to these structures.


Will renovated Strip Shopping Centers have rain roofs?



Walls found in Strip Shopping Centers-load bearing

holds the weight of the structure and all forces applied


Walls found in Strip Shopping Centers-non-load bearing

a wall bearing only its own weight


Walls found in Strip Shopping Centers-fire wall

designed to prevent or slow the horizontal progression of fire from occupancies, built from the floor through the roof structure


Walls found in Strip Shopping Centers-Veneer

single thickness of a masonry material added to the structure for aesthetic purposes


Walls found in Strip Shopping Centers-party

load bearing wall separating occupancies not extending above the roof line


Walls found in Strip Shopping Centers-partition

divides an area within an occupancy not extending above the ceiling


With tilit-up construction should the roof assembly collapse down into the structure how should we expect the walls to collapse?



What sides of the structure are parapet walls normally found?

Front and sides, normally not in the back.


What type of floor assemblies are found in strip shopping centers?

-reinforced concrete
-dimensional lumber
-lightweight wood
-steel bar joists


What security device is normally found at the rear doors of Strip Shopping Centers?

drop-in static bar


Strip Shopping Center Fires have many life hazards to firefighters which include:

-collapsing roofs, floors and walls
-heavy fire loading
-maze-like conditions
-limited access and egress
-complicated security measures
-potential for undetected fires in the plenum space
-hazardous materials
-difficult roof top ventilation
-falling facades
-high entanglement potential


What are some indicators of possible wall collapse (Strip Shopping Center)

-Smoke seeping


What is a Facade?

An architectural projection that provides weather protection, occupancy identity, decoration and is supported by the building to which it is attached


What is a marquee?

The roof like structure, often bearing a signboard, projecting over an entrance


What areas of Strip Shopping Centers are normally involved in collapse?

Roof structures, and the cantilever facades or marquees


At what temperature will steel twist and expand?

1000 degree, they will twist and expand causing failure or pushing out exterior walls


What are the warning signs of imminent collapse? (Strip Shopping Center)

-fire burning for more than 20 minutes in ordinary construction or 10 minutes in lightweight truss construction
-smoke or water coming through mortar joints in walls
-walls that are sagging or bulging
-new cracks showing in exterior walls
-heavy floor or roof loads under fire conditions
-spongy roof surface due to fire below


Due to the fact that in strip shopping centers the potential for backdrafts are more treacherous and difficult to alleviate what should crews do with well advanced fires? (ref vent)

Prior to roof ventilation, remove glass, delay entry, allow the fire to show itself, and relieve some of the heat before making entry


What is the least damaging method of extinguishing fire in the restaurant hood system that has extending to the duct work?

Discharging multiple CO2 extinguishers into the duct, delay removing the roof-top ventilator until this extinguishment method has been completed


What is a way to reduce horizontal fire spread in a restaurant hood system fire?

Remove the top ventilator cover


Who is responsible for ensuing that the buildings fire protection systems are supplied? (Strip Shopping Center)

Second due engine


If an offensive exterior attack or defensive operations are used for Strip Shopping Centers what is the preferred truck for side A?

Tower Ladder


Where does the Rescue Company position on Strip Shopping Center Fires?



In order to obtain required GPM flow in a Strip Shopping Center what line selection is typically preferred?

Duel 1 3/4 lines


When you have more than one unit involved upon arrival do you consider them exposure Bravo 1, Delta 1...etc?

No, Bravo 1, Delta 1, etc are only used for areas not involved with fire upon arrival, not areas that the fire has already extended to. If an exposure becomes involved with fire it maintains its name as Bravo 1...etc.


How to use PPV to prevent horizontal fire spread in Strip Shopping Centers?

After confirming no extension to exposure B1, D1 place PPV in front of each front door pressurize exposure. If fire has extended move to next exposure where there is no extension and deploy PPV. Both fans must be started at the same time and there can be no vertical ventilation or removal of glass pans in exposures where PPV is to be used.


Should tag lines be used by crews working without a hose line in Strip Shopping Centers?



Does having the ability to access a safe haven on the opposite side of a firewall qualify as a secondary means of egress from the roof?



What roof conditions should be communicated to command?

-location and volume of smoke and fire
-exposure concerns
-roof loading (i.e. HVAC)
-evidence of a cockloft fire
-Roof construction hazards (i.e. parapats, changes in roof lines, false fronts, fire walls, etc.)


If the fire has possession of the cockloft what type of ventilation must occur?

Vertical, inspection holes may be used to determine the extent of horizontal fire spread