Study Guide Group 5 Flashcards Preview

Anatomy & Physiology Lec. & Lab Exam 1 > Study Guide Group 5 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Study Guide Group 5 Deck (42):
1

Body Membranes in Epithelial

Mucous
Serous

2

Function of Mucous membrane

*Locations*

line body cavities that open to the outside

Respiratory
Digestive Tract
Reproduction

3

Function of Serous membrane

*Locations*

Line cavities that dont open directly to the outside, reduces friction between organs

Lines body walls
Lines Organs

4

Body Membranes in Connective

Synovial
Meninges

5

Function of Synovial membrane

*Locations*

Lines cavities of freely movable joints

Elbow
Shoulder
Knee

6

Function of Meninges Membrane

*Location*

Provides protection

Covering Brain and Spinal cord

7

Functions of Integumentary System

Acts as a barrier to protect body
Retain body fluids
Protect against disease
Eliminate waste
Regulate Temp

8

3 Major layers of Integumentary System

Hair
Skin
Nails

9

3 Epidermal Cells

Mechanoreceptors
Melanocytes
Langerhans Cells

10

Function of Mechanoreceptores

Receptor cells that are sensitive to touch and pressure

11

Function of Melanocytes

Produce protein
Protect nucleus from radiation

12

Function of Langerhans cells

Immune cells that surveil the epidermis

13

Layers of Epidermis

Stratum Corneum
Stratum Lucidum (Only in hands and feet)
Stratum Granulosum
Stratum Spinosum
Stratum Basale

14

Function of Stratum Corneum

Protects inner layers of skin and waterproofs

15

Function of Stratum Lucidum

Lowers effects of friction on the skin

16

Function of Stratum Granulosum

help to form a waterproof barrier that functions to prevent fluid loss from the body
Cells contain granules that make keratin

17

Function of Stratum Spinosum

Phagocytosis

18

Function of Stratum Basale

Makes brown pigment melanin

19

Papillary Layer

superficail layer, forms fingerprints

20

Reticular Layer

Deep, Think Layer

21

Major Skin Pigments

Melanin
Carotene
Hemoglobin

22

Color Produced from Melanin

Yellow to Tan, Reddish Brown to Black

23

Color produced from carotene

Yellow/Orange

24

Color produced from hemoglobin

Pink Hue

25

Exocrine Glands

Apocrin
Mammory
Sudoriferous
Sebaceous
Ceruminous

26

Function of Apocrin Glands

Scent glands in axilla, anogenital

27

Function of Mammary glands

produce milk

28

Function of Sudoriferous glands

Secrete perspiration to cool skin

29

Function of Sebaceous Glands

Secretes oil to lubricate
Secretes into hair folicle

30

Function of Ceruminous Glands

Produces Wax in the ear

31

4 Components of hair

Shaft
Root
Follicle
Arrector Pili

32

Function of the hair shaft

Provides strength, color and texture of hair

33

Function of Hair Root

Cells in bulbs carry on mitosis to produce new hair cells

34

Function of Hair Follicle

Dialated at base to form bulb

35

Function of Arrector Pili

When muscle contracts it pulls skin down
Causes goosebumps

36

3 Major types of Cancer

Basal cell carcinoma... Most Common
Squamous cell carcinoma
Malignant Melanoma... Lease Common

37

Where do you normally get squamous cell carcinoma

Upper lip, Scalp, Ears

38

Different Degree of burns

1st
2nd
3rd

39

1st Degree burn

Epidermal damage only
Red and painful

40

2nd Degree burn

Epidermal and dermis damage
Blisters

41

3rd Degree burn

Through (maybe deeper) dermis
Muscle and bone may also be damaged

42

Rule of 9's

Allows the portion of a body burned to be quickly quantified
Helps guide a treatment plan
Decides a transfer to a burn unit