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1

Two major metabolic amino acids from muscle protein degradation?

Alanine
Glutamine

2

Which hormone stimulates adipose stores to mobilize?

Glucagon

3

Which tissues metabolize glutamine?

GUT
Kidney

4

Besides protons, what else can decrease the affinity of HbA for O2?

2,3-bisphosphoglycerate (BPG or DPG)

5

At normal pH, amino groups have what charge?

Positive

6

Branched chain amino acids.

Valine (V)
Leucine (L)
Isoleucine (I)

7

The n-side chain is a common site for what?

Glycosylation

8

Positively charged basic molecules

Arginine (R)
Lysine (K)
Histidine (H)

9

Bonds that held Cystine.

Disulfide bonds

10

Amino acid that causes kinks in the peptide chain.

Proline

11

Primary hemoglobin in adults.

HbA

12

If the body wants to release oxygen, which form of hemoglobin will it use? If it wants to uptake oxygen?

Taut; Relaxed

13

Hexokinase and Glucokinase are what kind of molecules?

Isozyme

14

The only site that can reverse or dephosphorylate glucose-6-phosphate and export glucose?

Liver

15

Rate limiting enzyme of glycolysis.

Phosphofructokinase 1
(PFK-1)

16

Products of aerobic glycolysis.

Pyruvate

17

Products of anaerobic glycolysis.

Lactate

18

Site of glycolysis.

Cytosol

19

2 requirements for aerobic glycolysis.

Oxygen
Mitochondria

20

ATPs produced when using malate aspartate shuttle.

5 ATP

21

In hypoxia, what happens to 2,3-BPG in RBC's?

Increases

22

Enzyme that adds phosphate from ATP to a molecule’s hydroxyl group.

Kinase

23

Aerobic NADH reoxidation to NAD+ occurs via what process?

Oxidative phosphorylation

24

2,3-BPG is produced via?

Glycolysis

25

Inorganic component (minerals) essential to make the reaction work

Cofactor

26

Organic component (vitamins) essential to make the reaction work

Coenzyme

27

Complete enzyme: functional enzyme.

Holoenzyme

28

Enzyme missing cofactor or coenzyme.

Apoenzyme

29

Enzyme precursor: Must be converted to active form.

Zymogen

30

Adds water, CO2 or ammonia to doubble bond or removes them from double bond.

Lyase