Superficial/Deep Back Flashcards Preview

Anatomy Unit 1 > Superficial/Deep Back > Flashcards

Flashcards in Superficial/Deep Back Deck (20):
1

Secondary Curvature

cervical
lumbar

2

Components of cervical vertebra

Body, transverse process, foramen transversairum, pedical, lamina, dens (C2), spinous process

3

Primary Curvatures of the vertebral column

thoracic
sacral

4

Components of Thoracic Vertebrae

Vertebral foramen
Superior costal facet
Inferior costa facet
Inferior/Superior articulating process
Inferior/superior vertebral notch

5

Symphyses

secondary cartilaginous joints between bodies of 2 adjacent vertebrae

6

Anterior longitudinal ligament

Anterior side of vertebral body

7

Posterior longitudinal ligament

Posterior side of vertebral body

8

Suprapinous ligament

very posterior tip from spinous process to spinous process

9

Interspinous ligament

run between adjacent spinous processes

10

Ligamentum Flavum

connects adjacent laminae

11

Extrinsic Muscles

trapezius, latissimus dorsi, levator scapulae, rhomboids, serratus posterior superior/inferior

12

Origin of Splenius Capitus/Cervicis

ligamentum nuchae and spinous processes of C7-T6

13

Insertion of splenius capitus

mastoid process, superior nuchal line,

14

insertion of cervicis muscle

posterior tubercules of transverse process of C1-C3(must allow lateral bend, movement of neck)

15

Innervation of Splenius Capitis and Cervicis

Cap- dorsal rami of middle cervical spinal nerves
Cer- dorsal rami of lower cerv

16

Superficial layers of intrinsic back muscles

Splenius Capitus
Splenius Cervicis

17

Rhombiod Major/ Minor

C7-T1 (minor)
T2-5 (major)
Dorsal scapular nerve

18

Serratus posterior superior
Serratus posterior inferior

Superior- nochal ligament, C7-T3 spinous processes; 2nd and 5th ribs
Inferior- spinous process T11-L2, last 4 ribs
Ventral rami of T1-4 spinal nerves (superior)
Ventral rami of T9-T12 inferior)

19

Semispinalis capitis

transverse processes of 6-7 thoracic vertebrae, 7th cervical
Dorsal rami of cervical spinal nerves
rotation of head

20

Innervation of Erector Spinae

dorsal rami of respective spinal nerves in each region