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Flashcards in Surgical Oncology Deck (18):
1

What is surgical oncology?

Surgical treatment of tumors

2

What is XRT?

Radiation therapy

3

What does "in situ" mean?

Not invading basement membrane

4

What does "benign" mean?

Nonmalignant tumor, that is, does not invade or metastasize

5

What does "malignant" mean?

Tumors with anaplasia that invade and metastasize

6

What is adjuvant Rx?

Treatment that aids or assists surgical treatment (e.g. chemo or XRT)

7

What is neoadjuvant Rx?

Chemo, XRT, or both before surgical resection

8

What is brachytherapy?

XRT applied directly or very close to the target tissue (e.g. implantable radioactive seeds)

9

What are metachronous tumors?

Tumors occurring at different times

10

What are synchronous tumors?

Tumors occurring at the same time

11

What is TMN staging?

Tumor size, Metastases (distant), Nodes

12

What tumor marker is associated with colon cancer?

CEA

13

What tumor marker is associated with hepatoma?

AFP

14

What tumor marker is associated with pancreatic carcinoma?

CA 19-9

15

What is paraneoplastic syndrome?

Syndrome of dysfunction not directly associated with tumor mass or metastases (autoimmune or released substance)

16

What are the most common cancers in women?

1. Lung
2. Breast
3. Colorectal

17

What are the most common cancers in men?

1. Prostate
2. Lung
3. Colorectal

18

What is the most common cancer causing death in both men and women?

Lung