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Flashcards in syntax Deck (4)
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1

pronoun placement difference Old Spanish from modern spanish

old rules were more determined by syntax than by morphology: the pronoun followed the verb, except when the verb was preceded (in the same clause) by a stressed word, such as a noun, adverb, or stressed pronoun.
For example, from Cantar de Mio Cid:
• e tornós pora su casa, ascóndense de mio Cid

2

daregelo he (modern: se lo daré) = "I'll give it to him"
^^ explain how we know this

If the first stressed word of a clause was in the future or condtional tense, or if it was a compound verb made up of haber + a participle, then any unstressed pronoun was placed between the two elements of the compound verb.

3

'dado gelo ha ' - put into modern spanish

(modern: se lo ha dado) = "He has given it.

4

parataxis

a literary technique, in writing or speaking, that favors short, simple sentences, with the use of coordinating rather than subordinating conjunctions. It contrasts with syntaxis and hypotaxis.