Systems Chapter 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Systems Chapter 2 Deck (93):
1

-tome

instrument used to cut slices of skin

2

-tomy

incision

3

-ectomy

excision

4

-ostomy

surgical artificial opening

5

duoden/o

duodenum

6

gastr/o

stomach

7

-algia

pain

8

-gram

record or picture

9

-graph

instrument used to make a recording or pictorial device

10

-graphy

process of making or recording an image

11

ech/o

sound make by reflected sound waves

12

cardi/o

heart

13

radi/o

radiation

14

-pathy

disease

15

path/o

disease

16

jaundice

yellow appearance due to high bilirubin level in the blood

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leuk/o

white

18

melan/o

black (dark pigment)

19

erythr/o

red

20

cyan/o

blue

21

chlor/o

green

22

xanth/o

yellow

23

-blast

embryonic or immature cell

24

-emia

blood condition

25

cyt/o

cells

26

-logy

study of

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-penia

poverty

28

-ia

condition

29

-em

blood

30

lymph/o

water or liquid associated with lymphatic system structures

31

thromb/o

blood clot

32

-osis (used with blood cells)

increase in number of

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-cyte

cell

34

hist/o

tissues

35

mania

madness

36

megalomania

enlarged opinions of themselves

37

blastocyte

immature cell

38

cardialgia

heart pain

39

cardiologist

physician specialist in heart disease

40

cardiomegaly

enlarged heart

41

cyanoderma

blueness of the skin

42

cyanosis

condition of blueness

43

cytologist

technologist who studies cellular disease

44

cytology

science of studying cells

45

cytometer

instrument to count cells

46

cytometry

process of using a cytometer

47

dermatology

the science of studying the skin

48

dermatome

instrument to cut slices of skin tissue

49

duodenal

pertaining to the duodenum

50

duodenotomy

incision into the duodenum

51

echocardiography

sonography of the heart

52

electrocardiogram

picture representing the electric activity of the heart during the cardiac cycle

53

erythremia

abnormally red blood due to too many erythrocytes

54

erythroblast

immature red blood cell

55

erythrocytes

red blood cells

56

erythrocytopenia

low numbers of erythrocytes

57

erythrocytosis

high numbers of erythrocytes

58

erythroderma

redness of the skin

59

etiology

study of the origin of disease

60

gastralgia

stomach pain

61

gastrectomy

excision of the stomach

62

gastric

pertaining to the stomach

63

gastroduodenostomy

making a new opening between the stomach and the duodenum

64

gastromegally

enlarged stomach

65

gastrostomy

making a new opening in the stomach

66

histoblast

immature tissue cells

67

histology

the science of studying tissues

68

leukemia

blood cancer involving leukocytes

69

leukocytopenia

low numbers of leukocytes

70

leukocytosis

high numbers of leukocytes

71

leukoderma

abnormally white skin (vitiligo)

72

lymphatic

pertaining to the lymph system

73

lymphocyte

lymphatic system white blood cell

74

melanoblast

immature melanocyte

75

melanocyte

pigment cell

76

melanoderma

dark patches of skin

77

pathologist

physician specialist in the study of disease

78

pathology

the science of studying disease

79

radiogram

x-ray picture

80

radiograph

instrument used to produce the radiogram or the x-ray film

81

radiography

process of producing radiograms

82

radiologist

physician specialist in the interpretation of radiograms and other diagnostic imaging modalities

83

sonogram

image of the body produced by computerized reflected sound

84

sonograph

instrument that reflects sound waves through the body, picks them up with a transducer, and uses a computer to create an image of body structures

85

sonographer

technologist who performs sonography

86

sonography

process of using a sonographer

87

thrombocytes

platelets, blood clotting cell fragments

88

thrombocytopenia

low numbers of thrombocytes

89

thrombocytosis

high numbers of thrombocytes

90

tomogram

picture made by a tomograph

91

tomograph

instrument that uses x-ray to produce images through planes (slices) of the body

92

tomography

the process of using a tomograph

93

xanthemia

yellow condition of the blood (carotenemia)