Systems Chapter 3 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Systems Chapter 3 Deck (92):
1

hyper-

above or more than normal

2

hypo-

below or less than normal

3

-trophy

nourishment

4

aden/o

glands or glandular tissue

5

-oma

tumor

6

-pathy

disease

7

lymph/o

lymphatic tissue

8

lip/o

containing fat

9

carcin/o

cancer

10

meta-

beyond

11

-stasis

in one place (staying)

12

papill/o

small elevation of tissue

13

fibr/o

fibrous tissue

14

oste/o

bone

15

chondr/o

cartilage

16

leiomy/o

smooth muscle

17

ather/o

fatty, porridgelike

18

hem/angi/o

blood vessel

19

angi/o

vessel

20

leuk/o

white

21

myel/o

bone marrow

22

-oid

resembling

23

hist/o

tissue

24

neo-

new

25

anti-

against

26

-plast/ic

abnormal growth

27

-genesis

development

28

arteri/o

arteries

29

arthr/o

joint

30

muc/o

secretion

31

cephal/o

head

32

-dynia

pain

33

encephal/o

brain

34

-cele

herniation

35

-plasty

surgical repair

36

cerebr/o

cerebrum

37

mening/o

meninges

38

adenectomy

excision of a gland or glandular tissue

39

adenitis

inflammation of a gland or glandular tissue

40

adenoma

tumor of a gland or glandular tissue

41

adenopathy

disease condition of a gland or glandular tissue

42

antineoplastic

agent that works against tumor growth

43

atheroma

fatty (porridgelike) tissue tumor found in blood vessels

44

atherosclerosis

hardening of blood vessels caused by fatty growths

45

carcinoma

cancer of epithelial tissue

46

cephalalgia

head pain

47

cephalic

pertaining to the head

48

cephalodynic

pertaining to head pain

49

cerebral

pertaining to the cerebrum

50

cerebritis

inflammation of the cerebrum

51

cerebroma

tumor of the cerebrum

52

cerebrospinal

pertaining to the cerebrum and the spine

53

cerebrovascular

pertaining to the cerebrum and blood vessels

54

cerebrum

largest part of the brain includes the frontal, temporal, and occipital lobes

55

craniectomy

excision of the skull

56

craniomalacia

softening of the skull

57

craniometer

instrument used to measure the size skull

58

cranioplasty

surgical repair of the skull

59

craniotomy

incision into the skull

60

cranium

skull

61

electroencephalogram

tracing (pictures) showing brain wave activity

62

electroencephalograph

instrument used to turn brain waves into electrical patterns showing a picture of changes in activity

63

encephalitis

inflammation of the brain

64

encephalomalacia

softening of the brain tissue

65

encephalomeningitis

inflammation of the brain and meninges

66

encephalomyelopathy

disease condition of the brain and spinal cord

67

electroneurodiagnostic

electrical diagnostic testing (imaging) of the nervous system function

68

glandular

pertaining to a gland

69

histology

study of tissues

70

hypertension

high blood pressure

71

hypertrophy

overdevelopment, increase in size

72

lipoid

resembling fat

73

lipoma

fatty tissue tumor

74

lymphadenopathy

disease condition of the lymph glands

75

lymphoma

lymph tissue tumor

76

melanocarcinoma

malignant (cancerous) melanoma

77

melanoma

tumor involving growth of melanocytes

78

meninges

three-layered membrane surrounding the brain and spinal cord

79

meningitis

inflammation of the meninges

80

meningocele

herniation of the meninges

81

metastasis

tumor that spreads beyond origin

82

metastasize

to spread beyond its origin

83

metastatic

pertaining to a metastasis or metastases

84

mucosa

mucous membrane

85

mucus

watery substance secreted by mucous membranes

86

neonatal

pertaining to newborn

87

neoplasm

new growth (tumor)

88

neurodiagnostic

pertaining to diagnostic studies performed to examine the nervous system by detecting electrical changes

89

oncologist

physician specialist in diseases involving tumors

90

oncology

the science that studies tumors

91

sarcoma

cancer of connective tissue

92

tumor

abnormal growth of tissue