Systems Chapter 4 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Systems Chapter 4 Deck (119):
1

oste/o

bone

2

-pathy

disease

3

arthr/o

joint

4

myel/o

bone marrow or spinal cord

5

dys-

difficult or poor

6

-plasia

growth and development

7

-scope

instrument used to look at something

8

tend/o

tendon

9

tendin/o

tendon, used to build words about inflammation

10

ten/o

tendon, used to build words about pain

11

burs/o

bursae of the body

12

chondr/o

cartilage

13

cost/o

ribs

14

inter-

between

15

dent/o

teeth

16

peri-

around or near

17

ortho-

straight

18

odont/o

shaped like a tooth

19

lumb/o

lower back

20

thorac/o

chest or thorax

21

supra-

on, higher in position, over or above

22

pub/o

pubis

23

pelv/i

pelvis

24

ab-

from or away from

25

duct/o

to lead or move

26

ad-

toward

27

abdomin/o

abdomen

28

-centesis

surgical puncture or tapping

29

cyst/o

bladder

30

-cyst

fluid filled sac like structure

31

-phobia

abnormal fear

32

abdomen

belly area, cavity below the thorax

33

abdominocentesis

surgical puncture of the abdomen to remove fluid

34

abduct

move away from the midline

35

abduction

movement away from the midline

36

aberrant

wandering from normal location, process or behavior

37

abnormal

deviating from the average or expected

38

addiction

habitual attraction, may include physical dependence

39

adhesions

tissues grown together that are normally separate

40

amniocentesis

surgical puncture of the amnion to obtain cells for testing

41

arthritis

inflammation of a joint

42

arthroplasty

surgical repair or reconstruction of a joint

43

arthroscope

instrument used to look into a joint

44

arthroscopy

process of using an arthroscope to examine a joint

45

arthrotomy

incision into a joint

46

bursa

serous sac between a tendon and a bone

47

bursectomy

excision of a bursa

48

bursitis

inflammation of a bursa

49

cardiocentesis

surgical puncture of the heart to remove fluid

49

Chondralgia

Cartilage pain

50

Chondrodynia

Cartilage pain

51

Chowder tony

Excision of cartilage

52

Chondrocostal

Pertaining to the cartilage and rib

53

Costectomy

Excision of a rib

54

Cystocele

Herniation of the bladder (into the vagina)

55

Cystoplasty

Surgical repair of the bladder

56

Cystoscopy

Process of examining the bladder using a scope

57

Cystotomy

incision into the urinary bladder

58

Dentalgia

Tooth pain

59

Dentist

Specialist in care of teeth

60

Dentoid

Resembling a tooth

61

Dysplasia

Poor or defective development

62

Etiology

Study of the origin of a disease

63

Fascia

Tissue that connects muscle to muscle

64

Hydrocele

Serous fluid accumulation in a sac like cavity

65

Hydrocephalus

Fluid in the skull causing deformity and brain damage

66

Hydrocyst

Fluid filled sac

67

Hydrophobia

Abnormal fear of water

68

Hydrotherapy

Therapy using water

69

Hyperplasia

Abnormally increased development referring to quantity of cells

70

Interchondral

Pertaining to between the cartilage (intercartilaginous)

71

Intercostal

Pertaining to between the ribs

72

Interdental

Pertaining to between the teeth

73

Ligament

Tissue that connects bone to bone and supports visceral organs

74

Lumbar

Pertaining to the lower back between the thorax and sacrum

75

Meniscectomy

Excision of the meniscus of the knee

76

Myelocytes

Bone marrow cells

77

Myelodysplasia

Defective development of the bone marrow or spinal cord

78

Orthodontics

Dental practice of straightening teeth

79

Orthodontist

Dentist specializing in straightening teeth

80

Orthopedist

Physician specialist in treatment of skeletal and joint disorders

81

Orthotics

Pertaining to appliances used to support the musculoskeletal system

82

Osteitis

Inflammation of the bone and cartilage

83

Osteoma

Bone tumor

84

Osteomalacia

Softening of the bone

85

Osteomyelitis

Inflammation of the bone and bone marrow

86

Osteopathic

Pertaining to the practice of osteopathic physicians or bone disease

87

Osteopathy

Disease of the bones

88

Osteopenia

Loss of bone

89

Osteoporosis

Porous condition of the bone matrix

90

Osteosarcoma

Cancer of the bone

91

Pelvis

The bony structure including the ilium, ischium, pubis, sacrum, and coccyx

92

Pericardium

around the heart (membrane)

93

Perichondrium

Around the cartilage (membrane)

94

Periodontal

Around the tooth

95

Periodontist

Dentist specializing in treatment of diseased tissue around the teeth

96

Periosteum

Around the bone (membrane)

97

Prosthesis

Artificial limb or other body part replacement

98

Prosthetics

Pertaining to prosthesis

99

Prosthetist

Specialist who develops and assists patients with prostheses

100

Pubic

Pertaining to the pubis, bone in the lower anterior pelvis

101

Supracostal

Above the ribs

102

Supracranial

Above or on top of the skull

103

Supralumbar

Above the lumbar spine

104

Suprapubic

Above the pubis

105

Tenalgia

Tendon pain

106

Tenodynia

Tendon pain

107

Tendinitis

Inflammation of a tendon

108

Tendon

Tissue that connects muscle to bone

109

Tendinoplasty

Surgical repair of a tendon

110

Tenoplasty

Surgical repair of a tendon

111

Tendoplasty

Surgical repair of a tendon

112

Thoracocentesis

Surgical puncture of the thorax to remove fluid

113

Thoracentesis

Surgical puncture of the thorax to remove fluid

114

Thoracolumbar

Pertaining to the chest and lower spine

115

Thoracometer

Instrument used to measure the chest

116

Thoracopathy

Disease of the chest

117

Thoracotomy

Incision into the thorax

118

Thorax

Chest, area of the back posterior to the chest