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Flashcards in T1 - Genetics (Josh) Deck (9):
1

Humans are composed of --- groups of cells.

two

- gametes
- somatic cells

2

What are the two types of cells that humans are composed of?

Gametes

Somatic Cells

3

Gametes are ---- and Somatic Cells are ----

haploid (one copy)

diploid (two copies)

4

Which type of cell has one copy of each type of chromosome (1-22, X or Y)?

Gametes (Ova and Sperm)

5

Which type of cells have two copies of each autosome (1-22) and either, XX or XY?

Somatic Cells

6

What is the pictorial anaylysis of the number, form, and size of an individual's chromosomes?

karyotype

***uses WBCs and fetal cells in amniotic fluid

7

--- is the basic unit of inheritance.

Gene

8

--- are different forms of a gene.

Allele

9

--- are alleles found at a locus (location of a gene on a chromosome).

Genotype