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International Relations, the term first used by

Jermy Benthem used in 18th centuary with regard to laws of nation.


When I.R began to develop?

When first chair of I.R estab in 1919 at Uni of Wales, UK


I.R encompases of `

WIde range of academic field; ranging from history to enviromental science.


I.R as "condition" refers to

official relation b/w sovereign states


I.R as a "discipline" refers to

a systematic knowledge of interstate relations


I.R as a subject focus on

The process by which states adjust their national interest to those of other states.


Contemporary I.R is broad and covers _________

Non state actors.


Aristotle's social animal quote and explanation?

"Man by nature a social animal. A man who can live without other beings is either a God or a Beast"

> Today no nation or country can live in isolation
> Cordial relaton and mutual understanding imp among nation in modern times


The field of IR concerned with?

it concerns relationship among world governments and closely connected with other actors as well:

-International Organizations.
-Multinational corporations

>Other social structure incluldes
-domestic politics
(all wth geographical and historical influence)


IR studied in which various fields?

-IR is Often considered as branch of political science, but it is also studied by:
>Historians (Intl or diplomatic history)
>Economics (IPE)
>Legal Studies (Public Intl Law)
>Philosophy (intl ethics)

(It is concluded that IR is an interdisciplinary discipline)


Traditional View of IR (Pre 1950)
Hans J. Morgenthaw

International politics is a struggle for and use of power, among nations.


Traditional View of IR (Pre 1950)
Quincy Wright

-Intl Politics is an art of influencing, manipulating or controlling major groups to advance the purpose of some against the opposition of others.


Why meaning and defination of IR is complex phenomena?

due to 02 reasons:
-first, Intl politics and Intl Relations have been used interchangelably
-Second, world community is changing day by day.
(The IR is a young discipliine yet and is in the process of evolution)


views acc to IR defination?

Scholars of IR have categorized into to two following views:
>Traditional View
>Current VIew


What is a Traditional VIew?

-Scholars of traditional view used the term "politics" instead of "Relations."
-they only focus on the study of international politics and political nature of relations among the nation states.
-Acc to them Nation States were considered main actors in the international arena.
-This view focus on official relations only and excludes other relations from the intl relations.


Sum of Definations of Traditonal View of IR

-It is a process of adjustment of relationship among nations in favor of a nation or a group of nation by means of power.
-The important things relevant to Intl politics are National interest, conflict and power. The first is objectve, the second is the condtion and the third is the means of international politics.


What is current View of International Relations?

-After 1950s, the term Intl Relations is used instead of Intl politics.
- IR term encompases all the relevant actors, content and relationship found in the intl arena,


Current View of IR (Post 1950)
Quincy Wright

-Its not only nations which IR seeks to relate;
-Varied type of group-nations, states, governments, peoples, region, alliances, confederation, Intl org must be dealt within study of IR.

(After 10 years, Wright also used the term IR instead of IP and gave broder defnation)


Current View of IR (Post 1950)
Palmer Perkins

-IR encompasses more than the relations among nation states, intl org and groups.
-it includes variety of transnational relationships above and below the level of the nation state, which is still the main actor in international community.


Sum of Definations of Current View of IR

-IR is the study of Nation States, their political and non political relations, their foreign affairs and policies.
-Nation states relation with various entities at supranational level
-It includes the study of Intl history, intl law, intl society and other psychological, cultural and strategically factors that influences the interactions and relation among states.