T1 (ST-3) Stages of Development of IR Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in T1 (ST-3) Stages of Development of IR Deck (16):
1

04 Stages of Development of International relations was given by?

-Kenneth W. Thompson

-American author

>known for his contributions to normative theory in international relations.

2

First stage of development in International relations?

-Starts in the end of WW 1
>In which International Relations was taught by diplomatic historians

3

Second stage of development in International relations?

-Starts after the end of WW1
>wherein the study of Current Affairs given emphasis

4

Third stage of development in International relations?

-Begin after WW1 ends and
>continues upto WW2's end.

-Moralistic values were focused during this stage;
>Idealistic approach was prominent throughout this stage to avoid war

5

Fourth stage of development in International relations?

-Runs after WW2

-Focus of IR shifted to scientific analysis of international politics,
>determination of F.policy,
>techniques of F.policy,
>Mode of resolution of Intl conflict crises.

6

Fifth stage of development in International relations?

-Further stages added by different scholars

-This stage was surrounded by the post realist approach
>behavioural approach in study of IR

-Factors of IR emerged in this stage:
>interdependence, >Neo Liberalism, >Intl Organization, >Security communities >Dependency theory (1960)
>North South Parties,
>Demand for New Intl Order (NIEO)

7

Sixth stage of development in International relations?

-Late 70's

-emerged with a new cold war

-USSR invaded Afghanistan

-USA development of Star wars prog threat the world

-Theory of Neo-Realism developed by Kenneth N. Waltz

8

Seventh stage of development in International relations?

-Came when Mikhail Gorbvech came to power with this new political thinking

-Major feature of the era:
>Balance of Interest instead of B. O. Power
+cooperation instead of confrontation
>Internationalisation instead of nationalisation
>Disarmament instead of armament
>De-ideologisation instead of ideologisation
>Detente instead of Cold War.

9

Eight stage of development in International relations?

-Began early 90's with fall of Berlin wall and disintergeration of USSR

10

9th stage of development in International relations?

-When US emerged as Sole Superpower of the world
>Termed as Unipolarity

11

Tenth stage of development in International relations?

-Event of 911 changed the entire structure of the world politics
>Imp of Non state actors became an unformidable reality with start of war on terror.

12

(V.IMP)
Current Scnerio?

-Known as Post Withdrawl Scnerio
>Starts in 2017, again there is a global shift in world political scene
> New political reality emerges

-The world is at age of transformation and
>the Scholars are forcasting its change from Unipolarity to Multipolarity as
+ as the Russia is resurging
+ China, an economic giant
+ USA still militarity incompatible
+ Existence of EU
+ Emergence of new security and economc alliance and blocs such as SCO, ASEAN, BRICS.

13

Trump acendency to presidency?

-Scholars are concious about coming of Trump to power
>Predicting various new global shifts on the world scene (e.g) Cancellation of TTP by the incumbent.

14

Development of IR Quote?

-IR is of Recent origin, emerged after WW1 and rapidly grew after WW2.

-It is neither well organized nor fully developed,
>nor having complete conceptual framework yet.

-It has developed itself from allied branch of political science and history
>to an autonomous discipline.

15

Factors Contributed to the development of IR in the Post WW2 period?

-The fear of total war
-technological development
-Estab of UNO
-new states after decolonization
-Rise of tansnational and supranational agencies
-Economic inequality b/w North-South
-Concerns for
>Enviromental protection
>nuclearisationa & De-nuclearisation
-Bi-polarisation & Multipolarisaton
-Cold war detente
-Ideologisation & De-ideologisation
-Concerns for:
>Peace
>and New World Order.

16

Major challanges to the IR as a discipline and obstacles in the way of maturity?

-World is facing new challanges which also creates obstacle for IR development as a discipline.
>Global Warming
>Economic Interdependence
>Nuclear Proliferation
>Widening Gap b/w global north and south
>International security and Global Terroism
>Cyber warfare.