Tendons, Shoeing, Chronic laminitis Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Tendons, Shoeing, Chronic laminitis Deck (60)
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1

What is the laccessory igament of the SDFT? What about the DDFT?

SDFT = Superior check ligament 

DDFT= Inferior check ligament 

2

Given that #1 is the SDFT and #2 is the DDFT, fill in the rest

3: Accessory ligament of the DDFT (Inferior check ligament)

4: Suspensory ligament 

5: Extensor tendon

3

What does the suspensory ligament continue on distally as?

Extensor branch of the SL and joins the CDE tendon

4

Where does the DDFT insert?

P3

5

Which part of the tendon produces growth factors, intrinsic blood supply, nerves and provies elasticity? 

a. Endotenon

b. Epitenon

c. Paratenon

d. Exotenon

a. Endotenon

6

What is the structure called that surrounds tendons?

a. Endotenon

b. Epitenon

c. Paratenon

d. Exotenon

Epitenon

7

Which part of the tendon surrounds tendons not in a sheath? 

a. Endotenon

b. Epitenon

c. Paratenon

d. Exotenon

c. Paratenon

8

Which is lost first, center or peripheral crimp of a tendon?

Center

9

Why are tendons less elastic after an injury?

Scar formation (type III collagen remodels over time to include type I which is less elastic)

10

Why is trauma to the palmar aspect of the pastern/metacarpus more serious?

Flexor tendons are constantly under strain (bear weight)

11

Which 2 tendons or ligaments are most prone to inury? 

SDFT

SL

12

How long is the inflammatory phase after a tendon injury?

1-2 weeks

13

What is the best tool for diagnosing tendonitis? When is the best time to use this tool?

Ultrasound

1 week after injury

14

How many US zones are in the metacarpal region? Pastern region?

7

3

15

Which type of tendon injury is usually more hypoechoic on US, chronic or acute?

Acute

16

What occurs if the SDFT ruptures? What occurs if both the SDFT and the DDFT rupture? 

Fetlock drops

Fetlock drops and toe lifts 

17

Forelimb: What is your diagnosis?

Large core lesion of the SDFT

18

What do all treatment regimens for tendonitis include?

Rest

Controlled exercise program

19

How long should you perform cold hydrotherapy on a horse with tendonitis?

20 min (max 30 min)

20

What is the principle behind intra-lesional bone marrow to treat tendonitis?

Provides growth factors to stimulate tissue repair

21

T/F: The annular ligament is inelastic. 

True

22

What is the most important component of successfully treating tendonitis?

Rehabilitation

23

What has ruptured if the fetlock is on the floor and the toe is pointed straight up?

SDFT

DDFT

Suspensory apparatus

24

In what horses may it be normal for the toes to be slightly lifted?

Newborn foals

25

Which limb and digit is usually affected by tendon lacerations in the cow?

Hind limb

Lateral digit

26

What technique is used for suturing tendons?

Locking loop

27

How often should the normal hoof be trimmed?

Every 4-6 weeks

28

How long does it take for normal hoof to grow from the coronet to the sole at the toe?

1 year

29

How is the hoof evaluated for proper positioning?

Using the Hoof-pastern axis (HPA)

30

What part of the hoof, rear or front, is more round?

Front

Rear is more pointed; hoof is shaped like an egg