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Flashcards in Test 1 Deck (41)
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Culture

Complex meaning and behavior that defines the way of life for a given group or society

1

Culture relativism

Each culture relative to own values

2

Desocialization

New identification (prison, army)

3

Socialization

Lifelong process learning to be human

4

Cooley "looking glass self"

We see ourselves as others see us

5

Mead "role playing"

We use significant others as reference groups

6

Freud "conflict model"

Between the id and superego is the ego

7

Primary social interaction

Face to face, reoccurring, emotional attachment

8

secondary social interaction

Short lived, one location, no emotional attachment

9

Status

Who we are

10

Ascribed status

Born with, inherit

11

Achieved

Acquired after birth

12

Roles

Behaviors associated with status

13

Role set

Group of behavior

14

Deviance

Behavior that exceeds role tolerance

15

Perspectives of deviance

Religious, biological, medical, psychological, learning theory (learn subgroup norms), economic

16

Durkheim

Need to deviance to maintain boundaries

17

Labeling theory

Teacher labels kid as troublemaker, now seen as troublemaker

18

Primary deviance

Act or behavior labeled as deviant

19

Secondary deviance

If others treat you as deviant, you will fulfill that prophecy

20

Stigmatization

Labels have huge effects

21

Conflict model of deviance

Where do norms come from and who decides right from wrong?

22

Class based definition

Most influential decide laws

23

FBI's Uniform Crime Reports

Began in 1960s, collect and report data on index crimes

24

Type I crimes

Crimes against persons or property

25

7 index crimes

Murder, forcible rape, robbery, assault, burglary, larcency-theft, auto theft

26

Type II crimes

Prostitution, drug use, vandalism, gambling, etc

27

4 problems in reporting crime

Only Type I crimes
Must be recorded by police
If multiple crimes, only most serious recorded
Under reporting (victimization studies)

28

Crime has been declining since


1990s

29

Increasing % of what murders?

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