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Flashcards in Test 2 Deck (74)
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Stratification

Perpetuation of privilege across generations

1

What are the dimensions of privilege?

wealth, social power, social status/prestige

2

Wealth

Value of everything you own

3

Income

What you make

4

Social power

Ability of groups to influence things

5

Why don't those with less just take more?

Coercion (army)
Ideology of inequality making it "fair" (more stable)

6

Ideology

Belief system that supports the status quo

7

Inequality

Unequal shares; mathematical judgement

8

Inequity

Unfair shares; social judgement

9

Why does inequality exist? Functionalist theory

Serves purpose; some activists more important/need more skill; upper class needed for cohesion; inequality motivates people

10

Problems with functionalist theory of inequality

Doesn't address intergenerational/privilege or how much inequality is necessary and ignores negative effects

11

Power theories of inequality

Competition and conflict- power elites shape an inequality society in their favor

12

What are the systems of inequality?

Estate- land ownership
Caste- born into
Clan- families have privilege
Social class- individual capitalism; mobility varies

13

Marx theory

Workers relationship to means of production in a transition from feudalism to capitalism

14

Weber's critique of Marx

Too much emphasis on economics and wealth; too little emphasis on social prestige and power (MLK)
3 dimensions: class, status, power

15

Global stratification

Capitalist world order since 1600 but increases now because of development dependence and neocolonialism

16

Ways to measure social class

Subjective- ask people where they belong
Reputational- what family is most prominent
Objective- measure income, education, etc

17

Marxian social class scheme

Based on ownership not wealth

18

Erik wrights elaboration of Marx

Capitalists
Pretty bourgeousie
Managers
Proletariat

19

Dennis Gilbert & Joseph Kahl

Capitalist (old money, new money)
Upper middle income
Lower middle income
Working class
Working poor
Underclass

20

Lifestyle

Quality of life (car, school, food)

21

Life chances

Probability of child death, life expectancy, etc

22

Poverty line

Amount of money needed for basic needs (food x 3)

23

American ideology of poverty vs reality

Rags to riches & unlimited opportunity; meritocracy
Reality: limited mobility, increased inequality, decreasing middle class & discrimination

24

Why was there no sense of impoverishment?

Credit card debt; $179 in 1968, $9099 in 2012; forestalls the notion of a bad economy

25

Causes of poverty

Demand-side: strength of economy, globalization, wage levels, technology substitutes
Supply side: family structure, individual decisions, skill mismatch, culture of poverty

26

Culture of poverty

People like being poor, absence of work value, stay in impoverished area, too many kids

27

Life course

Connection between people's personal attributes, roles, life events and the social/historical aspects

28

Age is what type of status?

Transitional

29

Birth cohorts

Born in same group of years with similar historical effects