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Flashcards in Test 1 Deck (278)
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1

devices for CHF

bi ventricular pacing ICD Intraaortic balloon pump left ventricular assistive device

2

STEMI indicates

occlusion in a large vessel and large at risk is a cardiac emergency

3

rarest form of cardiomyopathy hast the worst prognosis does not appear to be inherited characterized by diastolic dysfunction

restrictive cardiomyopathy

4

home care PT for CHF

flexibility, cycle ergometry and walking 20-60 min, 3-7 d/wk, 2-6 mo, 50-80 % of peak cycle heart rate or O2

5

sensitive to sense of movement in skeletal system

mechanical receptors

6

factors contributing to unstable angina

circadian variation in catecholamine levels increase platelet activation pathologic changes in atherosclerotic plaques

7

excessive accumulation of fluid, other than blood, within the pleural space congestive heart failure infection of the lung

hydrothorax

8

CHF ejection fraction

9

FRC=

RV+ERV

10

breathing exercises for CHF

inspiratory muscle training limited data for yoga

11

forced expiration

rectus abdominis external and internal oblique internal intercostal serratus posterior inferior

12

abnormal HR recovery after exercise

a decrese in HR of

13

respiratory alkalosis renal compensation

conserve amount of hydrogen ions and elimnate HCO3

14

marks site of the embryonic foramen ovale through which blood passes from right atrium to left atrium before birth

fossa ovalis

15

adrengeric

norepinephrine post ganglionic sympathetic

16

components of left ventricle

wall 2-3 times thicker than right mitral valve cusps papillary muscles chordae tendineae aortic valve

17

Large inferior opening int eh sinus venarum that brings poorly oxygenated blood (abdomen and lower limb)

Inferior vena cava

18

fibrous strands connecting papillary muscle to cusps of atrioventicular valves

chordae tendineae

19

site of venous blood that has passed through the cardiac muscle

opening of coronary sinus

20

contribute to inadequate oxygen supply in CHF

ventilatory muscle weakness abdominal ascities dyspnea

21

coincides with closure of atrioventricular valves at start of systole

first sound lub

22

restrictive cardiomyopathy in which and inflammatory disease that causes the formation of small lumps in organs (lungs)

sarcoidosis

23

metabolic acidosis

HCO3 decreases because of excess ketones (diabetes) chloride or acid ions vomiting, lactic acidosis

24

additional volume taken in

inspiratory reserve volume (IRV)

25

Formed largely by the left ventricle along with narrow portion of the right ventricle

diaphragmatic surface

26

additional volume let out

expiratory reserve volume (ERV)

27

when do the papillary muscles contract

during ventricular systole

28

diaphragm at upright

level

29

avg alveolar gas

3000 ml

30

structures involved in ventilation

bony thorax ribs