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Flashcards in Test 2 Deck (217)
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1

V1-V6

precordial leads

2

ammonia sulfur dioxide chlorine nitrogen dioxide ozone phosgene

irritant gases

3

pulmonary fibrosis diseases of the spine and chest wall diseases of the neuromuscular system

restrictive lung diseases

4

decreased exercise tolerance

decreased oxygen consumption

loss of muscle strength

sedentary

abnormal HR response

chronic renal failure and exercise

5

Give radioactive agent at peak of stress test then while patient is at rest 4 hours later if cold spot is still present after 4 hours of rest the tissue is dead and blood flow did not return after stress

Radionuclide perfusion testing with SPECT

6

normal QRS characteristics

.07-.11 sec in width should not be smaller than 6 mm in leads I, II and III should not be taller than 25-30 mm in precordial leads

7

posterior curvature of spine

kyphosis

8

normal p wave

no wider than .11 sec under 3 mm positive and rounded

9

refers to the direction of depolarization or vector of the QRS complex

axis

10

placed in the 4th left intercostal space at the sternal border

V2

11

Unipolar leads all other leads are averaged together to make a reference

augmented voltage leads

12

ABI, Ultrasound, exercise studies

Vascular diagnostic testing

13

normal creatine

<1.5 mg/dL

14

types of emphysema

centriacinar panacinar

15

V1-V6

precordial leads

16

objectives of stres test: quantitatively and accurately assess;

chronotropic capacity and HR recovery

aerobic capacity

myocardial aerobic capacity;

RPP exertional symptoms

changes in electrical function

17

Used gamma rays to detect myocardial blood flow 3d 360 rotating camera `

SPECT Single photon emission computed tomography

18

normal PR interval

.12-.2 sec ( no longer than 1 large box)

19

funnel chest

pectus excavatum

20

Left atrial enlargemennt

a broad (sometimes m shaped) p wave in Lead II or/and a diphasic p wave (sine wave) in V1

21

sequel to V tach life threatening emergency situation

v fib

22

fasting serum glucose normal

70-100 100-125 prediabetes >126 diabetes

23

holter monitor, 12 lead EKG, exercise EKG

HR rhythm abnormalities

24

A chronic lung disease of unknown cause chronic slow progressive dyspnea chronic inflammation and fibrosis 50% of pts live 5 more yrs after dx

idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis

25

significant improvement on health in people with obesity

5-10% weight loss

26

normal p wave

no wider than .11 sec under 3 mm positive and rounded

27

progressive prolongation of PR interval culminating in a non conductive p wave generally asymptomatic causes: right CAD or infarct, digoxin toxicity, and excessive beta blocker

Second degree type 1

28

represents repolarization of the ventricles should have the same polarity as the QRS complex very fickle and not as reliable as ST depression or elevation in diagnosis of ishemia

T wave

29

Lead 1

left arm + right arm -

30

m shaped r and r prime see in V1 and V2

Right BBB