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Flashcards in Test 3 Deck (233)
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1

risk factors for cardiovascular and pulmonary disease

hypertension

smoking

family history of disease

older age

obesity

diabetes

sedentary lifestyle

2

family's ability to supply care and it's financial resources. improves patient ability to respond to disease

support system

3

cardiac enzymes

creatine phosphokinase

lactate dehydrogenase

4

blood lipids

cholesterol

triglycerides

5

Complete blood count

Hb

hematocrit

WBC

6

ABG's: low oxygen but not below _____ on room air: supplemental O2 with exercise

60 mmHg

7

resting pO2 _______ or saturation _____ supplemental O2

8

bronchodilator meds for patients with

decrease flow rates or volumes

9

Inspection components

general appearance

facial expression

effort of breathing

neck

chest

phonation/cough/sputum production

posture

positioning

extremities

10

general appearance

level of consciousness

body type

body posture

body position

skin tone

presence of all equipment

11

level of consiousness

can patient understand the treatment plan

alert

agitate

confused

semi comatose

comatose

12

Indirect measure of nutrition and indication of level of exercise tolerance

Body type

13

body type

obese: decrease tolerance and increased WOB

cachectic

normal

14

weakness from wasting muscles

cachectic

15

body position

tripod position (increased WOB)

supine

use of pillows

semi fowlers

16

skin tone

cyanotic look - may need oxygen supplement

17

indicate a need for change in the treatment

facial expression

distress/fatigue

18

signs of distress

nasal flaring

sweating

paleness

19

use of face and neck muscles and movement of lips to breath

need to teach them

effort of breathing

pursed lip breathing

20

evaluation of neck

sternocleidomastoid

jugular venous distention

21

shortening- due to chronic forward bent posture of head and trunk hypertrophy- when used extensively

sternocleidomastoid

22

indication of increased volume in the venous system, early sign of right sided heart failure

jugular venous distention

23

jugular venous distention patient sitting or recumbent in bed - head elevated at least ______ if veins distend above______

45 deg the level of the clavicle

24

congenital chest defects

pectus excavatum

pectus carinatum

25

results of chronic hyperinflation seen in evaluation of hest

rib angle

increase intercostal spaces broader anteriorly

diaphragm is stretched, flatter and less active

26

accessory muscles that hypertrophy and seen in the evaluation of the chest

scalenes

trapezius

intercostals

27

temporary cessation of breathing, especially during sleep

apnea

28

normal, good, unlabored ventilation

eupnea

29

refers to an abnormally slow breathing rate

bradypnea

30

abnormally rapid breathing

tachypnea