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Flashcards in test 1 Deck (33)
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1

Purposes of Governments

Provides laws, keeps order, provides services, and guarantees personal liberty

2

Levels of Government

National, State, Local (county, city)

3

Absolute Monarchy

ruled by a king or queen whose power isn't limited by any laws or rules or other bodies of government

4

anarchy

belief that society should not have any central government

5

aristocracy

small, rich, and privileged class, often nobility have a strong voice in government (rule of the best)

6

direct democracy

citizens hold the political power and citizens vote on issues

7

representative democracy

citizens vote for officials who then vote on issues

8

dictatorship

leader takes power by force and has no limit to his power

9

Oligarchy

ruled by a small group of people, usually family members

10

Limited/Constitutional Monarchy

the power of the king or queen is limited by certain laws and shared with other branches of government

11

theocracy

based on religion; political authority rests with scripture or god
can be democracy, dictatorship, monarchy, etc.

12

totalitarianism

nearly every aspect of society is controlled by the government

13

republic

the law restricts the government/ ruled by law

14

citizen

anyone born or naturalized in the US (14th amendment)

15

How to become a citizen

be born a citizen or go through naturalization

16

naturalization

the legal process by which aliens become citizens

17

automatically a citizen if you...

born anywhere in the US (district of Columbia or military bases overseas) or if your parents are citizens no matter where you were born

18

to become a naturalized citizen you must....

18 or older, lawful permanent resident of US(have green card), file Form N-400 Application for Naturalization, 2 passport style photos, fingerprinted for back round check, 25 dollar fingerprint fee, interviewed by USCIS, speak read and write in english, basic knowledge of history and gov. in US, oath of pledge of allegiance, and filing fee of $225

19

E plurbis unum

out of many one; out of many people, races, and religions, and ancestories has emerged a single people and nation

20

melting pot theory

assimilate into a common culture

21

tossed salad theory

different cultures live along side eachother

22

duties

things we must do

23

responsibilities

things we should do

24

we must obey

the laws

25

we must pay

taxes (governments revenue to provide service to citizens) ex. property or income

26

we must defend

the nation (all men 18-25 must register for the selective service)

27

we must serve

in court (witness or juror)

28

we must go

to school (until 16)

29

we should be

informed (citizens make better decisions when participating in the political process)

30

we should vote

in elections (have a voice in government)

people don't vote since they don't care