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1

Colonies in New England

massachusetts
new hampshire
connecticut
rhode island

2

colonies in the middle

new york
new jersey
pennsylvania
deleware

3

colonies in the southern

georgia
maryland
virginia
NC
SC

4

Qualities of New England colonies

fishing, lumbering, fur trading, and metal working to nourish their economy (sold to other colonies and england)
participated in the selling of slaves to the southern colonies
soil was too thin and rocky and the climate too harsh for the colonists to grow cash crops
the first colonists here were Separatist Puritans (pilgrims)
the religious freedom they sought wasn't readily granted to others outside their Puritan faith
Education was available to more of the colonists in this region, as people lived closer together and schoolhouses could be built
out of lack of religious toleration, Salem witch trials happened here
religious dissenters established colonies here (Thomas Hooker, Roger Williams, and Anne Hutchinson)
wanted to gain religious freedom
grew their own food
most luxury goods could be bought from england

5

Qualities of Middle colonies

better relationships with native americans
most ethically diverse
Quakers seeking religious freedom settled in pennsylvania
abundance of rivers allowed for transportation between colonies
land was more fertile
grew corn, wheat, and fruit
nicknamed the "Bread Basket"
first colonists were Dutch and settled at the mouth of the Hudson river
mills to grind grains developed and supported local economies
when the english took New Ansterdam from the dutch, they called it NY
they farmed to make money

6

qualities of southern colonies

first colonists were english and settled in jamestown in VA 1607
in 1619 the house of burgesses was formed (1st ex. of representative gov)
john rolfe discovered that tobacco grew well in the regions climate
a small # of ppl owned large amounts of land
children of wealthy plantation owners had private tutors to educate them. very few public schoolhouses
tobacco and rice became the major cash crops and were grown on large plantations
indentured servants were 1st used. as their # dwindled, slaves were used
the maryland toleration act is evidence of religion toleration in this region
goal was to find gold in order to get wealth fast (goal not obtained)
religion and religious freedom were not large concerns for most southern colonists

7

thomas hobbes

strong central gov/ruler
people- selfish and always placed their own private interests before common public interests
negative view of human nature (before ppl formed a society, preexisting principles arose-natural laws)
wrote Leviathan in 1651
social contract

8

john locke

wrote Two Treatises of civil government in 1690
limited gov/no absolute power
people- fair and unselfish and should have a great individual freedom to act
social contract
natural rights and popular sovereignty
positive view of human nature(able to act for common good)

9

baron de montesquieu

neutral view of human nature
seperation of power/3 branches
wrote The Spirit of laws in 1748
how to prevent a government or leaders from abusing power
each branch had a different responsibility

10

enlightenment

great changes in worldviews

11

Enlightenment thinkers ?

idea that a kings sovereignty came from God

12

b4 enlightenment ppl thought... could explain everything

god or religion

13

divine right of kings

god choose a monarch to give it authority to rule

14

locke believed ppl could...if gov broke social contract

overthrow gov or war

15

mercantilism

economic system that allowed the militarily and economically powerful nations of europe to accumulate wealth from colonies

mother country gets wealth

16

cash crops

crops grown mainly to be sold for profit
tobacco, indigo, and rice

17

indentured servants

slaves that agreed to work for a landowner for 4-7 years in exchange for passage to America, food, and housing

18

separation of church and state

different forms of worship

19

jamestown

founded in 1607 and was the 1st successful english colony

20

pilgrims

aboard the mayflower and landed in massachusetts in 1620

21

puritans

ppl who were persecuted for their faith by the church of england

22

plantation system

a large farm that needs a cheap labor supply to harvest crops (slaves)

23

quakers

settled in pennslyvania in 1682

24

catholics

religious group that found maryland as a haven

25

religious dissentors

people who didn't agree with the church of england

26

bacon's rebellion

bacon and his men burned jamestown

rebellion in virginia
-colonists ask for protection from virgnia gov and denied (didn't want to pay for war)
-wealthy settlers fled

27

town meetings

earliest forms of democracy in colonies

28

salem witch trials

massachusetts
19 women were hung bc ppl thought they were a witch

29

first great awakening

religious phenomenon, religious leaders preached that americans needed a spirititual and moral rebirth

30

reasons for british colonization

a base from which to attack the spanish fleet and cities
sought the northwest passage(trade route to india)
merchants wanted new markets to sell goods
a place to send ppl who couldn't find work or homes in europe