Flashcards in Test #1 things to know Deck (60):
degree to which a measure is consistent
consistency across time
consistency across two or more raters
degree to which a technique measures what it is designed to measure. Did it measure what it was supposed to?
comparing the results of one assessment measure with the results of others
how well the assessment predicts what will happen in the future
whether the test items look reasonable and valid at first glance
degree to which the item measures something unobservable
Application of certain standards to ensure consistency across different measures
general awareness of their surrounding
Genetics, Neurobiology, Physiology
What are genes?
Long molecules of DNA
Double Helix structure
Located on chromosomes
-46 chromosomes in 23 pairs
-Pairs 1 – 22 = body and brain development
-Pair 23 = gender
Single gene determinants
include disorders such as Huntington’s disease and Phenylketonuria
how the environment changes gene expression
learning affects genetic structure of cells
Activation of dormant genes, continued development in the brain (plasticity vs hardwired), Diathesis-Stress Model.
Inherited tendency to express traits/behaviors (behavior/vulnerability)
phase in the life span during which an organism has heightened sensitivity to exogenous stimuli that are compulsory for the development of a particular skill. If the organism does not receive the appropriate stimulus during this CP, it may be difficult, ultimately less successful, or even impossible, to develop dome functions later in life.
for a particular ability is past, the development of the brain has progressed past the point at which information can be simply absorbed
Thinking and reasoning abilities, memory
Primary motor cortex
Controls impulses, social awareness
HEARING, auditory corex
Sight and sound recognition, long-term memory storage
Emotions and memory
Touch recognition, body sensation, self-soothing/regulating/masturbating
Primary somatosensory cortex
Integrates visual input
Optic nerves travel from your eyes to your thalamus and then back to you occipital lobe
Locus of control
internal and external- internal when you feel that you have control of your life, and external when other people have control of your life
Learned Helplessness- lack of behavior by person/organism when they encounter a situation that they feel they have no control. Develop symptoms of depressions. (Kids in Atlanta trying to go back to jail for “two hots and a cot” – also LEARNED OPTIMISM
Stroop Color Naming Paradigm
Have someone keep time as you name the colors of the words and not the words themselves, and again while you name the words and colors together.
more persistent period of affect or emotionality
is the momentary emotional tone that accompanies what we say or do
coined by public health research, people who have been affected by significant amounts of stress age faster.
latin american set a spell that you can literally be scared to death
can be caused by a number of separate or related underlying conditions, including post-operative states, drugs and alcohol, urinary tract infections, fever, and organ failure. Elderly individuals and children are also at a higher risk for delirium than are adults.
What treatment site is usually recommended by a clinician when clients present a risk of harming themselves or others?
A psychiatric hospital
_____ measures visual-spatial and fluid reasoning
Perceptual Reasoning Index (PRI)
The Cambridge Neuropsychological Testing Automated Battery (CANTAB) consists of 22 subtests that assess
visual memory, working memory, executive function and planning, attention, verbal memory, and decision making and response control.
The most prevalent form of psychological disorder (except substance use disorder) is ____
Who is known as the founder of American psychiatry?
Which method of behavioral assessment requires that the client provide information about the frequency of particular behaviors?
Behavioral Self Report
Which of the following disorders is characterized by disruption of normal integration of consciousness or perception?
The tasks on the Paced Auditory Serial Addition Test require that the client ______
Keep a running total of a series of numbers
A man arrives one hour late for work every day because he is compelled to read every street sign on the road to his workplace. Which of the following components of a mental disorder is exemplified by this scenario?
Which Greek physician developed the theory that psychological disorders are caused by imbalances in bodily fluids?
Which of the following terms reflects the view that the people in treatment collaborate with those who treat them?
Who among the following is a physician who developed a system of medical knowledge based on anatomical studies?
Joshua is overactive and aggressive most of the times. He has an unrealistic sense of superiority and his behavior lacks substantial forethought. Which clinical scale of the MMPI-2-RF indicates Joshua's condition?
A treatment approach used in an inpatient psychiatric facility in which all facets of the environment are components of the treatment is referred to as
The Association of Medical Superintendents of American Institutions for the Insane later became the
American Psychiatric Association.
Medical doctors with advanced training in treating psychological disorders are referred to as
The _____ of a disorder refers to the number of people who have ever had the disorder over a specified period of time
Which of the following is used by clinicians to extensively assess the functioning of individuals with multiple sclerosis?
Paced Auditory Serial Addition Test
_____ is an index of intelligence derived from comparing the individual's score on an intelligence test with the mean score for that individual's reference group
Deviation Intelligence Score
Which of the following is a somatic symptom disorder?
Illness Anxiety Disorder
The best way to eliminate demand characteristics is to use _____.
One biological theory of panic disorder proposes that individuals with panic disorder have an excess of _____
According to the clinicians, which of the following refers to the ability to formulate goals, make plans, carry out those plans, and then complete the plans in an effective way?
Mental retardation falls under _____ of the DSM-IV-TR.
In a _____, the same person serves as the subject in both the experimental and control conditions
Single Case Experimental Design
In _____ participants receive a treatment similar to the experimental treatment, but lacking the key feature of the treatment of interest.
A person's fear of contracting a particular disease is considered to be a case of _____.
Judy in Chapter 1
o Inherited overreactive sinoaortic barorelex arc
o Vasovagal syncope; heart rate and blood pressure increase
o Beliefs of blood that made her fear it
o Suspended from school
o Entered a critical period (evolutionary developmental stage)
• All of these interact interdependently
look at the prevalence and incidences of disorders